A Telescope on Society

Survey Research and Social Science at the University of Michigan and Beyond
Author: James S. House
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472068487
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 490
View: 5745

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Maps the development of social science in the twentieth century through the instrument of survey research


Author: Elliot Aronson,Timothy D. Wilson,Robin M. Akert
Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH
ISBN: 9783827373595
Category: Social psychology
Page: 655
View: 9505

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The Interview

From Formal to Postmodern
Author: Andrea Fontana,Anastasia H Prokos
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315418118
Category: Social Science
Page: 148
View: 1640

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Used by everyone from survey researchers to oral historians, the interview may be the most basic and essential field method in the qualitative researcher’s toolkit. In this concise, student-friendly guide, Fontana and Prokos give a cogent introduction to the history, types, and methods of interviewing in the social sciences. They outline the range of ways in which interviews are conducted, both structured and unstructured, then provide instruction on conducting and interpreting interviews, and address ethical considerations in eliciting information from people. The authors also point to recent and future trends that will affect the use of this method. For researchers who need a primer and for students in methods courses or assigned fieldwork projects in other courses across the social sciences, this short, inexpensive volume is ideal.

Behavioral Economics

A History
Author: Floris Heukelom
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107039347
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 238
View: 4604

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"In economics, the market has been understood to steer behavior towards a competitive equilibrium in which all economic actors behave optimally, and in which welfare of society is maximized. Yet many economists have also seen shortcomings to this ideal picture of the market in the form of limited information, too few buyers or sellers, adverse selection, moral hazards, and other caveats. What psychologists Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky brought to economics in the 1980s, was the idea that imperfections in the market may in addition be caused by fallible human behavior. This resulted in a new branch of economics called behavioral economics and it won Kahneman the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 2002 (Tversky had died in 1996). This book presents a history of behavioral economics. The common rationale of behavioral economics in the 1980s - 2000s was in one version or another that "Behavioral economics increases the explanatory power of economics by providing it with more realistic psychological foundations" (Camerer and Loewenstein, 2004, p.3). This definition conceals a complicated relationship between economics and psychology that goes back at least to the eighteenth century. In addition, it suggests that economics and psychology are stable, universal entities. But also the label of behavioral economics itself seems odd. If economics deals with the behavior of individuals in the economy, 'behavioral economics' seems a confusing pleonasm. If on the other hand one argues that economics by definition deals with structures and institutions superseding and independent of theories of human behavior, 'behavioral economics' seems oxymoronic. In any case, it calls for some explanation"--

The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

Author: NA NA
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349588024
Category: Law
Page: 7300
View: 5276

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The award-winning The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd edition is now available as a dynamic online resource. Consisting of over 1,900 articles written by leading figures in the field including Nobel prize winners, this is the definitive scholarly reference work for a new generation of economists. Regularly updated! This product is a subscription based product.

Engineering Society

The Role of the Human and Social Sciences in Modern Societies, 1880-1980
Author: Kerstin Brückweh,Richard F. Wetzell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137284501
Category: Social Science
Page: 318
View: 8485

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Explaining crime by reference to abnormalities of the brain is just one example of how the human and social sciences have influenced the approach to social problems in Western societies since 1880. Focusing on applications such as penal policy, therapy, and marketing, this volume examines how these sciences have become embedded in society.

Stability and Change in American Education

Structure, Process, and Outcomes
Author: Maureen T. Hallinan
Publisher: Eliot Werner Publications Incorporated
Category: Education
Page: 260
View: 2402

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Robert Dreeben is one of the most widely read and influential sociologists of education of the past half-century and the author of several important books, one of which (the 1968 classic On What Is Learned in School) has been republished by Percheron Press. In this volume inspired by Dreeben's work and career, chapters written by Dreeben's colleagues, students, and even one of his mentors present the latest academic research on schools and schooling and examine recent and ongoing school reform policies. The contributors address schooling and socialization, school organization and effects, teaching as an occupation, and other areas of sociology of education where Dreeben's research has had a profound impact. A concluding chapter by Dreeben discusses the field of sociology of education as a whole.


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Academic libraries
Page: N.A
View: 4450

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The new Blackwell companion to social theory

Author: Bryan S. Turner
Publisher: Blackwell Pub
Category: Philosophy
Page: 618
View: 4988

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"The New Blackwell Companion to Social Theory" builds on the success of "The Blackwell Companion to Social Theory," second edition (2000) providing a comprehensive guide to the principal traditions of social theory, whilst also exploring critical contemporary issues and engaging sociology with other major areas of the social sciences. Bringing together leading scholars from various branches of social theory, this authoritative new collection covers areas from classical sociology to actor network theory and structuralism to the sociology of the body. The book also emphasizes certain key areas of sociology which have had an important impact in shaping the discipline as a whole, such as feminist social theory, economic sociology, and the sociology of religion. The "New Companion" argues for a restoration and invigoration of the role of social theory in contemporary sociology, if the discipline is to remain dynamic, critical and relevant.

American Politics and the African American Quest for Universal Freedom

Author: Hanes Walton,Robert Charles Smith
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780321292377
Category: Political Science
Page: 318
View: 8870

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Walton (U. of Michigan) and Smith (San Francisco State U.) examine how the acts and presence of Africans in the United States changed its history from the founding of the republic to taking the role of leadership in the acknowledgment and expansion of freedoms of all Americans. They describe the foundations of this influence in the limits of univer

Beyond Sputnik

U.S. Science Policy in the Twenty-First Century
Author: Homer Alfred Neal,Tobin Smith,Jen McCormick
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472033069
Category: Political Science
Page: 386
View: 4526

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DIVA timely introduction to all facets of U.S. national science policy/div

Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel 1784–1846

Author: Kasimir Lawrinowicz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3034890699
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 315
View: 813

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Der Astronom F.W. Bessel gilt zusammen mit dem Mathematiker C.G.J. Jacobi und dem Physiker Franz Neumann als Begründer der sogenannten 'Königsberger Schule', die auf die Universitäten in Deutsch- land, aber auch in Russland und im gesamten osteuropäischen Raum, einen grossen Einfluss hatte. Als Autodidakt erwarb sich Bessel schon in jungen Jahren mit seinen astronomischen Arbeiten die Anerkennung der führenden Gelehrten seiner Zeit. Nachdem er als Professor an die Albertina nach Königsberg berufen worden war, erhielt er bereits mit 27 Jahren auf Betreiben von Gauss die Ehren- doktorwürde der Universität Göttingen. Ihm wurde die Planung und der Bau der Königsberger Sternwarte übertragen, die sich unter seiner Leitung zu einem internationalen Zentrum der Astronomie entwickelte. Bessel leistete aber nicht nur in der Astronomie und der Geodäsie Bedeutendes, sondern auch in der Theoretischen Mathematik. Diese Biographie beschränkt sich nicht auf die Schilderung der wissenschaftlichen Leistungen Bessels, sondern stellt ihn auch als Mensch und Persönlichkeit vor. Besondere Aufmerksamkeit widmet das Buch den engen wissenschaftlichen und persönlichen Be- ziehungen, die Bessel, nachdem er schon in jungen Jahren in die Petersburger Akademie aufgenommen worden war, zur russischen Wissenschaft und zu den russischen Wissenschaftlern entwickelt hat. Engagiert und lebendig schildert der Autor Bessels Lebensgeschichte und versucht, Bessels zahlreiche, weitgespannte wissenschaftliche Arbeiten und Leistungen auch dem Nichtfachmann verständlich und spannend darzustellen.

Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen

Author: Hermann Oberth
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486747126
Category: Science
Page: 106
View: 7316

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Hermann Oberth gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Pioniere der Raketentechnik. Visionär waren nicht nur seine umfassende, akribische Untersuchung und Optimierung aller denkbaren Raketenparamter, sondern auch seine Vorschläge zur Raketeninstrumentierung für bemannte und wissenschaftliche Missionen sowie Ideen für Start- und Testanlagen. Die Neuauflage ermöglicht es, die Realisierung von Oberth's "Traum" nachzuvollziehen und mit der heutigen Raumfahrtrealität abzugleichen. Reprint der 5. Auflage von 1984

Mutter und Kind

die erste Beziehung
Author: Daniel N. Stern
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 9783608916850
Page: 172
View: 9165

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