Grundlagen der statistischen Datenanalyse

Eine Einführung für Politikwissenschaftler
Author: Joachim Behnke,Nathalie Behnke
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531145761
Category: Political Science
Page: 402
View: 9240

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Mit Ergebnissen empirischer Forschung, die in Kennwerten, Grafiken und Tabellen aufbereitet sind, kritisch und kompetent umgehen zu können, ist heute für Politologinnen und Politologen in Studium und Forschung eine unverzichtbare Voraussetzung. Diese kritische Lesekompetenz wird auch als "Statistical Literacy" bezeichnet. Dieses Buch vermittelt die "Statistical Literacy", indem es die Leser an ein echtes Verständnis der Annahmen und Vorgehensweisen in der Statistik herangeführt. Große Teile des Buches sind der Erläuterung und Einübung theoretischer Grundlagen gewidmet, wie der Messtheorie, der Argumentenlogik oder der Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie. Die Idee hinter diesem didaktischen Konzept ist, dass ein Verständnis dafür, wie und warum bestimmte Ergebnisse zustande kommen, auch die Kritikfähigkeit erhöht. Zugleich ermöglicht ein solches Verständnis auch, über die reine Lesefähigkeit hinaus, eigene statistische Auswertungen problemadäquat durchzuführen. Die beiden Autoren haben dieses Buch aus ihrer eigenen Lehrerfahrung heraus in mehrjähriger Arbeit geschrieben und das didaktische Konzept gezielt für die Bedürfnisse der Politikwissenschaft entwickelt. Die CD zum Buch erweitert die Möglichkeiten zur autodidaktischen Aneignung der statistischen Verfahren durch eine praxisorientierte Einführung in die Statistik-Software SPSS. Beispiele und vertiefende Exkurse runden das Buch zu einem fundierten und zugleich praxisnahen Lehr- und Nachschlagewerk ab, das für Studierende und Forschende gleichermaßen geeignet ist.

The Market and Other Orders


Author: Bruce Caldwell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317562240
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 468
View: 6307

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In addition to his groundbreaking contributions to pure economic theory, F. A. Hayek also closely examined the ways in which the knowledge of many individual market participants could culminate in an overall order of economic activity. His attempts to come to terms with the "knowledge problem" thread through his career and comprise the writings collected in the fifteenth volume of Routledge's Collected Works of F. A. Hayek series. The Market and Other Orders brings together more than twenty works spanning almost forty years that consider this question. Consisting of speeches, essays, and lectures, including Hayek's 1974 Nobel lecture, "The Pretense of Knowledge," the works in this volume draw on a broad range of perspectives, including the philosophy of science, the physiology of the brain, legal theory, and political philosophy. Taking readers from Hayek's early development of the idea of spontaneous order in economics through his integration of this insight into political theory and other disciplines, the book culminates with Hayek's integration of his work on these topics into an overarching social theory that accounts for spontaneous order in the variety of complex systems that Hayek studied throughout his career. Edited by renowned Hayek scholar Bruce Caldwell, who also contributes a masterly introduction that provides biographical and historical context, The Market and Other Orders forms the definitive compilation of Hayek's work on spontaneous order.

A Scientist's Voice in American Culture

Simon Newcomb and the Rhetoric of Scientific Method
Author: Albert E. Moyer
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520912137
Category: Science
Page: 328
View: 4949

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In late nineteenth-century America, Simon Newcomb was the nation's most celebrated scientist and—irascibly, doggedly, tirelessly—he made the most of it. Officially a mathematical astronomer heading a government agency, Newcomb spent as much of his life out of the observatory as in it, acting as a spokesman for the nascent but restive scientific community of his time. Newcomb saw the "scientific method" as a potential guide for all disciplines and a basis for all practical action, and argued passionately that it was of as much use in the halls of Congress as in the laboratory. In so doing, he not only sparked popular support for American science but also confronted a wide spectrum of social, cultural, and intellectual issues. This first full-length study of Newcomb traces the development of his faith in science and ranges over topics of great public debate in the Gilded Age, from the reform of economic theory to the recasting of the debate between science and religion. Moyer's portrait of a restless, eager mind also illuminates the bustle of late nineteenth-century America.

The Semantics of John Stuart Mill


Author: W.R. de Jong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400978162
Category: Philosophy
Page: 250
View: 6356

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The original, Dutch version of this book served in 1979 as a doctoral disserta tion in philosophy at the Free University in Amsterdam. In this preface to the - slightly revised - English translation, I wish once again to express my gratitude to my supervisors, Prof. J. van der Hoeven of the Free University and Prof. G. Nuchelmans of the University of Leiden, for their excellent and stimulating support. Professor van der Hoeven was associated with this project from the outset. It was a privilege to benefit from his incisive commentaries, especially in those instances where the objective was to break through to more fundamental insights. I shall not lightly forget his friendly and heartening encouragement. I am equally grateful for my discussions with Professor Nuchelmans. I almost always tried to follow his advice, since it was based upon awesome expertness and erudition. I am happy to have found in the person of Herbert Donald Morton, Th.M., M.A., an able and enthusiastic translator. Drs. Gerben Groenewoud made the translations of a number of the Latin citations. I acknowledge permission from Routledge and Kegan Paul and the University of Toronto Press to quote from The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill. And I thank the Netherlands Organization for the Advancement of Pure Research (Z.W.O.) for fmancing this translation.

Mill's A System of Logic

Critical Appraisals
Author: Antis Loizides
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135020531
Category: Philosophy
Page: 272
View: 7939

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John Stuart Mill considered his A System of Logic, first published in 1843, the methodological foundation and intellectual groundwork of his later works in ethical, social, and political theory. Yet no book has attempted in the past to engage with the most important aspects of Mill's Logic. This volume brings together leading scholars to elucidate the key themes of this influential work, looking at such topics as his philosophy of language and mathematics, his view on logic, induction and deduction, free will, argumentation, ethology and psychology, as well as his account of normativity, kinds of pleasure, philosophical and political method and the "Art of Life."

In the Presence of the Past

Essays in Honor of Frank Manuel
Author: R.T. Bienvenu,M. Feingold
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401137641
Category: History
Page: 297
View: 6717

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The broad canvas covered by the articles in the present volume celebrates the diversity and richness of the writings of Frank Manuel during a scholarly career that spans over five decades. The subjects of the articles - ranging from science to utopia, from theology to political thought - mirror many of the themes Manuel has written about with erudition, flair and uncommon perception. It is only fitting that in paying tribute to such a defiant intellect each author brings to his treatment a distinct perspective and texture, the result of his own original forays into the history of ideas. Yet underlying all the essays is the conviction that the study of the intersection of individuals and ideas still yields a rich harvest. Presented to Frank on the occasion of his eightieth birthday, In the Presence o/the Past honors a teacher, a friend and, above all, a scholar. R. T. Bienvenu and M. Feingold (eds). ln the presence of the past. vii. MARTIN PERETZ Frank Manuel: An Appreciation It was finally because of Frank Edward Manuel that I decided (however belatedly) to forgo a proper academic career. Since I had not left so much as a leafscar on the tree of the scholarly culture this is not a fact which anyone else would have reason to notice. It is also not, I am happy to add, something for which Manuel will be especially remembered.

Emergent Evolution

Qualitative Novelty and the Levels of Reality
Author: David Blitz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401580421
Category: Science
Page: 241
View: 6731

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Emergent evolution combines three separate but related claims, whose background, origin, and development I trace in this work: firstly, that evolution is a universal process of change, one which is productive of qualitative novelties; secondly, that qualitative novelty is the emergence in a system of a property not possessed by any of its parts; and thirdly, that reality can be analyzed into levels, each consisting of systems characterized by significant emergent properties. In part one I consider the background to emergence in the 19th century discussion of the philosophy of evolution among its leading exponents in England - Charles Darwin, Herbert Spencer, T. H. Huxley, Alfred Russel Wallace, and G. J. Romanes. Unlike the scientific aspect of the debate which aimed to determine the factors and causal mechanism of biological evolution, this aspect of the debate centered on more general problems which form what I call the "philosophical framework for evolutionary theory." This considers the status of continuity and discontinuity in evolution, the role of qualitative and quantitative factors in change, the relation between the organic and the inorganic, the relation between the natural and the supernatural, the mind-body problem, and the scope of evolution, including its extension to ethics and morals.

The Theory of Political Economy


Author: W. Jevons
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137374152
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 339
View: 7540

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William Stanley Jevons is regarded by many as bringing mathematical methods to the study of economics. The Theory of Political Economy brought together maths and the theory of utility, this contribution marked Jevons as a leading political economist of his time.

The Concept of Justice

Is Social Justice Just?
Author: Thomas Patrick Burke
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441126732
Category: Philosophy
Page: 256
View: 317

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In The Concept of Justice, Patrick Burke explores and argues for a return to traditional ideas of ordinary justice in opposition to conceptions of 'social justice' that came to dominate political thought in the 20th Century. Arguing that our notions of justice have been made incoherent by the radical incompatibility between instinctive notions of ordinary justice and theoretical conceptions of social justice, the book goes on to explore the historical roots of these ideas of social justice. Finding the roots of these ideas in religious circles in Italy and England in the 19th century, Burke explores the ongoing religious influence in the development of the concept in the works of Marx, Mill and Hobhouse. In opposition to this legacy of liberal thought, the book presents a new theory of ordinary justice drawing on the thought of Immanuel Kant. In this light, Burke finds that all genuine ethical evaluation must presuppose free will and individual responsibility and that all true injustice is fundamentally coercive.

Historical Pragmatics

Philosophical Essays
Author: Robert E. Butts
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401581886
Category: Science
Page: 370
View: 3785

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For 35 years, the critical and creative writings of Robert E. Butts have been a notable and welcome part of European and North American philosophy. A few years ago, James Robert Brown and Jiirgen Mittelstrass feted Professor Butts with a volume entitled An Intimate Relation (Boston Studies vol. 116, 1989), essays by twenty-six philosophers and historians of the sciences. And that joining of philosophers and historians was impressive evidence of the 'intimate relation' between historical illumination and philosophical understanding which is characteristic of Butts throughout his work. Not alone, Butts has been, and is, one of this generation's most incisive thinkers, devoted to responsible textual scholarship and equally responsible imaginative interpretation. Brown and Mittelstrass said that "throughout his writings, science, its philosophy, and its history have been treated as a seamless web", and I would add only that philosophy per se is a part of the web too. Here in this book before us are the results, a lovely collection from the work of Robert Butts, who is for so many of his colleagues, students and readers, Mr. HPS, the model philosophical historian and historical philosopher of the sciences. July 1993 Robert S. Cohen Center for Philosophy and History of Science, Boston University TABLE OF CONTENTS BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE IX INTRODUCTION Xl PART I EARLY MODERN PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 1 1. Some tactics in Galileo's propaganda for the mathematization of scientific experience 3 2.

Introduction to Phenomenology


Author: Dermot Moran
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134671059
Category: Philosophy
Page: 592
View: 9601

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Introduction to Phenomenology is an outstanding and comprehensive guide to phenomenology. Dermot Moran lucidly examines the contributions of phenomenology's nine seminal thinkers: Brentano, Husserl, Heidegger, Gadamer, Arendt, Levinas, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty and Derrida. Written in a clear and engaging style, Introduction to Phenomenology charts the course of the phenomenological movement from its origins in Husserl to its transformation by Derrida. It describes the thought of Heidegger and Sartre, phenomonology's most famous thinkers, and introduces and assesses the distinctive use of phenomonology by some of its lesser known exponents, such as Levinas, Arendt and Gadamer. Throughout the book, the enormous influence of phenomenology on the course of twentieth-century philosophy is thoroughly explored. This is an indispensible introduction for all unfamiliar with this much talked about but little understood school of thought. Technical terms are explained throughout and jargon is avoided. Introduction to Phenomenology will be of interest to all students seeking a reliable introduction to a key movement in European thought.