Afrikanische Horizonte

Studien zu Sprachen, Kulturen und zur Geschichte
Author: Catherine Griefenow-Mewis
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447056014
Category: History
Page: 172
View: 738

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"Festschrift zu Ehren von Dr. Hildegard H'oftmann aus Anlass ihres 80. Geburtstages am 22.10.2007"--P. [5].

Dependenz und Valenz / Dependency and Valency. 1. Halbband

Author: Vilmos Ágel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110194112
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 867
View: 8576

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"Dependenz" als grammatisches Konzept, das die gerichtete Verkettung von Wörtern zum Ausgang nimmt, und "Valenz" als komplementäre Annahme, dass Wörter Leerstellen um sich eröffnen, die zu füllen sind, haben sich als sehr fruchtbare grammatische Ansätze erwiesen, mit denen die Grundstruktur von Sätzen und auch die Ausbaumöglichkeiten erfasst werden können. Die Rezeption dieses Ansatzes, Eigenentwicklungen auf der Basis vergleichbarer Annahmen und gegenseitige Beeinflussung haben zu einer inzwischen weitverzweigten Forschungslage geführt. Das Handbuch stellt im ersten Teilband zunächst die wissenschaftsgeschichtlichen Voraussetzungen der Konzeptionen dar und behandelt sodann ausführlich die einzelnen Theorieteile (u.a. Valenz des Verbs, Ergänzungen und Angaben, Tiefenkasus, Wortstellung). Theorie und Empirie wird gleichermaßen Rechnung getragen. Die Hauptrichtungen der Dependenzgrammatik, die Word Grammar, die Lexicase Grammar und andere Konzeptionen werden ausführlich dargestellt.

Swahili - English Dictionary (Kamusi Ya Kiswahili - Kiingereza)

Author: John C. Rigdon
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781540432247
Page: 304
View: 3139

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Spoken originally along the eastern coast of Africa(the name kiSwahili means 'coastal language'), and now the official language of Tanzania as well as a major language in Kenya, Uganda and the eastern Congo, Swahili is the lingua franca of Eastern Africa. A significant fraction of Swahili vocabulary is derived from Arabic through contact with Arabic-speaking Muslim inhabitants of the Swahili Coast. It has also incorporated German, Portuguese, English, Hindustani and French words into its vocabulary through contact with empire builders, traders and slavers during the past five centuries. The earliest known documents written in Swahili are letters written in Kilwa in 1711 A.D. in the Arabic script that were sent to the Portuguese of Mozambique and their local allies. Another ancient written document dated to 1728 is an epic poem in the Arabic script titled Utendi wa Tambuka (The History of Tambuka). One key step in spreading Swahili was to create a standard written language. In June 1928, an inter-territorial conference took place at Mombasa, at which the Zanzibar dialect, Kiunguja, was chosen to be the basis for standardising Swahili. Today's standard Swahili, the version taught as a second language, is for practical purposes Zanzibar Swahili. Swahili has become a second language spoken by tens of millions in three African Great Lakes countries (Tanzania, Kenya, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)) where it is an official or national language. The neighbouring nation of Uganda made Swahili a required subject in primary schools in 1992. Some 80 percent of approximately 49 million Tanzanians speak Swahili in addition to their first languages. Many of the rising generation of Tanzania, however, speak Swahili as a primary language because of a decrease of the traditional cultures and the rise of a more unified culture in urban areas. Kenya's population is comparable as well, with a greater part of the nation being able to speak Swahili. Most educated Kenyans are able to communicate fluently in Swahili since it is a compulsory subject in school from grade one to high school and a distinct academic discipline in many of the public and private universities. The five eastern provinces of the DRC are Swahili-speaking. Nearly half the 66 million Congolese reportedly speak it, and it is starting to rival Lingala as the most important national language of that country. Swahili speakers may number 120 to 150 million. This English - Swahili and Swahili - English Dictionary (Kamusi ya Kiswahili - Kiingereza), contains 11,000 entries. It is based on our Words R Us - Wordnet implementation ( which enables pairing the Swahili language with hundreds of others. It was created using dozens of sources including academic papers on the language as well as native speakers.


The Journal of the East African Swahili Committee
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Swahili philology
Page: N.A
View: 4934

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A Guide to World Language Dictionaries

Author: Andrew Dalby
Publisher: Routledge
Category: Reference
Page: 470
View: 3580

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A Guide to World Language Dictionaries covers 276 languages with a written literature. Organized in alphabetical order by language, the Guide appraises the main dictionaries, assessing the special value of each, its strengths and weaknesses, and how different dictionaries complement one another. Dictionaries of slang, colloquialisms, and dialects are also assessed.

Walford's guide to reference material

Generalia, language & literature, the arts
Author: Albert John Walford,Anthony Chalcraft,Ray Prytherch,Stephen Willis
Publisher: Library Assn Pub Ltd
ISBN: 9781856041379
Category: Reference
Page: 1148
View: 8633

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Politics of the Womb

Women, Reproduction, and the State in Kenya
Author: Lynn M. Thomas
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520235403
Category: History
Page: 300
View: 902

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"In Thomas's skilled hands, and in her unabashed love of story-telling, intimate events in Kenya help us think more clearly and more critically about Africa in the twentieth century. The politics of the womb are at the core of the colonial experience and of colonial politics…. Africans struggled amongst themselves over the regulation of reproduction, and these layers of intimate strife, and the policies and protests emanating from London and mission hospitals and African homesteads, give us something we haven't had before-- a gendered and transnational colonial history."—Luise White, author of Speaking with Vampires: Rumor and History in Colonial Africa

Linguistic Ties Between Ancient Egyptian and Bantu

Uncovering Symbiotic Affinities and Relationships in Vocabulary
Author: Fergus Sharman
Publisher: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 1612332900
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 240
View: 5877

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This book provides a unique perspective on the linguistic relationships between the Ancient Egyptian and Bantu languages of East/Central/Southern Africa. It will be of interest to readers of Egyptology, linguists, students, and the wider public who wish to find out more about the structure of the Ancient Egyptian language and how it connects with other languages, particularly with Bantu languages. The subject matter is different from other books as it examines the etymology of words, together with their sound/meaning relationships and shows by using verifiable hieroglyphic forms how Ancient Egyptian words may be pronounced by inserting Bantu vowels which fit the meanings derived from the skeletal templates of consonants in the Ancient Egyptian language.

Senior High School Library Catalog

Author: H.W. Wilson Company
Publisher: N.A
Category: Best books
Page: N.A
View: 5165

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Each vol. is divided into 2 parts 1st-7th ed.: Dictionary catalog and Classified catalog; 8th-9th ed. have 3rd. part: Directory of publishers.


Author: Colin Darch
Publisher: Abc-Clio Inc
Category: History
Page: 379
View: 9825

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Tanzania is a country of remarkable natural beauty which has been a source of fascination for foreign travellers for centuries. The country contains a landscape of rich diversity, which embraces the snowcapped Mount Kilimanjaro at its highest point, and at its lowest, the spectacular Great Rift Valley. This volume provides the reader with a systematic guide to the large and growing body of literature on all aspects of the country's past and present, including the political democratization and economic liberalization.