Political History of Journalism


Author: Geraldine Muhlmann
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 9780745635743
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 296
View: 6754

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In this new important book, Graldine Muhlmann provides a comparative history of the rise of modern journalism, from the revolution of the late nineteenth century, with its new concern for facts, through to the present day. Her account is structured around the tension between what she calls the unifying and decentring tendencies in modern journalism that is, the concern to give readers a truth that is acceptable to all, on the one hand, and the concern to resist dominant representations and give voice to alternative views, on the other. She illustrates her account with a wide range of case studies, from Sverine, who covered the trial of Dreyfus in late nineteenth-century France, to the great Vietnam War reporters, Seymour M. Hersh and Michael Herr. In between are fascinating new readings of famous figures like George Orwell and Norman Mailer as well as some less well-known writers, such as the great American muckraker, Lincoln Steffens, and the French crusading journalist, Albert Londres. This historical and comparative account of the rise of modern journalism will be an ideal text for courses in journalism, political communication and media history. Written by an author who believes that journalism is crucial to our modern democracies and that it deserves to be studied with knowledge and care, the book raises serious questions about the role of the reporter and about the sorts of journalism that are possible in the twenty-first century.

Media Nation

The Political History of News in Modern America
Author: Bruce J. Schulman,Julian E. Zelizer,Professor of History and Public Affairs Julian E Zelizer
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812293746
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 930

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From the creation of newspapers with national reach in the late nineteenth century to the lightning-fast dispatches and debates of today's Internet, the media have played an enormous role in modern American politics. Scholars of political history universally concede the importance of this relationship yet have devoted scant attention to its development during the past century. Even as mass media have largely replaced party organizations as the main vehicles through which politicians communicate with and mobilize citizens, little historical scholarship traces the institutional changes, political organizations, and media structures that underlay this momentous shift. With Media Nation, editors Bruce J. Schulman and Julian E. Zelizer seek to bring the media back to the center of scholarship on the history of the United States since the Progressive Era. The book's revealing case studies examine key moments and questions within the evolution of the media from the early days of print news through the era of television and the Internet, including battles over press freedom in the early twentieth century, the social and cultural history of news reporters at the height of the Cold War, and the U.S. government's abandonment of the Fairness Doctrine and the consequent impact on news production, among others. Although they cover a diverse array of subjects, the book's contributors cohere around several critical ideas, including how elites interact with media, how key policy changes shaped media, and how media institutions play an important role in shaping society's power structure. Highlighting some of the most exciting voices in media and political history, Media Nation is a field-shaping volume that offers fresh perspectives on the role of mass media in the evolution of modern American politics. Contributors: Kathryn Cramer Brownell, David Greenberg, Julia Guarneri, Nicole Hemmer, Richard R. John, Sam Lebovic, Kevin Lerner, Kathryn J. McGarr, Matthew Pressman, Emilie Raymond, Michael Schudson, Bruce J. Schulman, Julian E. Zelizer.

Journalism for Democracy


Author: Géraldine Muhlmann
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 0745644732
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 270
View: 4012

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The important new book by GTraldine Muhlmann addresses these gaps in our understanding and goes a long way towards filling them. --

My Trade

A Short History of British Journalism
Author: Andrew Marr
Publisher: Pan Macmillan
ISBN: 033047619X
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: N.A
View: 4964

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How do you decide what is a 'story' and what isn't? What does a newspaper editor actually do all day? How do hacks get their scoops? How do the TV stations choose their news bulletins? How do you persuade people to say those awful, embarassing things? Who earns what? How do journalists manage to look in the mirror after the way they sometimes behave? The purpose of this insider's account is to provide an answer to all these questions and more. Andrew Marr's brilliant, and brilliantly funny, book is a guide to those of us who read newspapers, or who listen to and watch news bulletins but want to know more. Andrew Marr tells the story of modern journalism through his own experience. This is an extremely readable and utterly unique modern social history of British journalism, with all its odd glamour, smashed hopes and future possibility.

Journalism and Politics in Indonesia

A Critical Biography of Mochtar Lubis (1922-2004) as Editor and Author
Author: David T. Hill
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135169144
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 7800

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This book weaves a history of the Indonesian press, and of Indonesia’s post-independence history, through the life story of Mochtar Lubis: one of Indonesia’s best-known newspaper editors, authors and cultural figures with a national, regional and international prominence he retained from the early 1950s until his death in 2004.

Die Macht der Geographie

Wie sich Weltpolitik anhand von 10 Karten erklären lässt
Author: Tim Marshall
Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag
ISBN: 3423428562
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 5176

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Wie Geografie Geschichte macht Weltpolitik ist auch Geopolitik. Alle Regierungen, alle Staatschefs unterliegen den Zwängen der Geographie. Berge und Ebenen, Flüsse, Meere, Wüsten setzen ihrem Entscheidungsspielraum Grenzen. Um Geschichte und Politik zu verstehen, muss man selbstverständlich die Menschen, die Ideen, die Einstellungen kennen. Aber wenn man die Geographie nicht mit einbezieht, bekommt man kein vollständiges Bild. Zum Beispiel Russland: Von den Moskauer Großfürsten über Iwan den Schrecklichen, Peter den Großen und Stalin bis hin zu Wladimir Putin sah sich jeder russische Staatschef denselben geostrategischen Problemen ausgesetzt, egal ob im Zarismus, im Kommunismus oder im kapitalistischen Nepotismus. Die meisten Häfen frieren immer noch ein halbes Jahr zu. Nicht gut für die Marine. Die nordeuropäische Tiefebene von der Nordsee bis zum Ural ist immer noch flach. Jeder kann durchmarschieren. Russland, China, die USA, Europa, Afrika, Lateinamerika, der Nahe Osten, Indien und Pakistan, Japan und Korea, die Arktis und Grönland: In zehn Kapiteln zeigt Tim Marshall, wie die Geographie die Weltpolitik beeinflusst und beeinflusst hat.

Public Radio and Television in America


Author: Ralph Engelman
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0803954077
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 342
View: 851

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The origins and evolution of the major insititutions in the United States for noncommercial radio and television are explored in this unique volume. Ralph Engelman examines the politics behind the development of National Public Radio, Radio Pacifica and the Public Broadcasting Service. He traces the changing social forces that converged to launch and shape these institutions from the Second World War to the present day. The book challenges several commonly held beliefs - including that the mass media is simply a manipulative tool - and concludes that public broadcasting has an enormous potential as an emancipatory vehicle.

Taking Their Political Place

Journalists and the Making of an Occupation
Author: Patricia L. Dooley
Publisher: Intellect Books
ISBN: 9780275971038
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 170
View: 1268

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Early in the 19th century the work of American newspaper journalists was intertwined with the work of politicians. This text explores the transformation of journalism, examining how journalists established occupational boundaries separating their work from that of politicians.

Art and Politics

The History of the National Arts Centre
Author: Sarah Jennings
Publisher: Dundurn
ISBN: 9781770706002
Category: History
Page: 426
View: 3092

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Short-listed for the Ottawa Book Awards, 2010 This is the story of the creation and first four decades of one of Canada’s pre-eminent cultural organizations. While it documents the history of Canada’s National Arts Centre in Ottawa, it also tells the story of the arts in Canada from the 1960s to 2006. The story breaks down into three parts: the years of creation and early growth, fuelled by the talent and resources generated by Canada’s 1967 Centennial celebration; the turbulent middle years, marked by a dearth of funds and political disinterest; and finally the "renaissance," when the decision is made to restore and recast the organization to provide continuing benefit to the performing arts in Canada’s capital and the country at large. Written in a documentary style, moving from episode to episode, the story is enriched by the personal memories of those who participated in it, including the leading artists, managers, officials, and politicians who were involved.

Journalism

A Critical History
Author: Martin Conboy
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761941002
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 246
View: 7709

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Journalism: A Critical History provides a history of the development of newspapers, periodicals and broadcast journalism which: enables readers to engage critically with contemporary issues within the news media; outlines the connections, as well as the distinctions, across historical periods; spans the introduction of printed news to the arrival of the 'new' news media; demonstrates how journalism has always been informed by a cultural practices broader and more dynamic than the simple provision of news; By situating journalism in its historical context, this book enables students to more ful.

Journalism in Britain

A Historical Introduction
Author: Martin Conboy
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446209725
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 240
View: 3675

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"What might have been a forbidding chronological slog is thoroughly enlivened by Conboy's thematic approach, shot through with passion and rigour in equal measure. This is a book written with a commitment to the importance of history for the present; it will undeniably cultivate the same commitment in its readers." - Chris Atton, Edinburgh Napier University "An authoritative and accessible introduction to the history of journalism. Excellent resource for undergraduates." - Philip Dixon, Southampton Solent University A firm grasp of journalism's development and contribution to social and political debates is a cornerstone of any media studies education. This book teaches students that essential historical literacy, providing a full overview of how changes in the ownership, emphasis and technologies of journalism in Britain have been motivated by social, economic and cultural shifts among readerships and markets. Covering journalism's enduring questions - political coverage, the influence of advertising, the sensationalization of news coverage, the popular market and the economic motives of the owners of newspapers - this book is a comprehensive, articulate and rich account of how the mediascape of modern Britain has been shaped.

Press Freedom in Africa


Author: Gunilla L. Faringer
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275937713
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 144
View: 503

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This up-to-date study of the role of mass media in Third World development catalogs all pertinent data on press development, performance, and goals in English-speaking, sub-Saharan Africa, focusing primarily on Ghana, Nigeria, and Kenya. Faringer details obstacles to a genuinely free, mass circulation press and analyzes the African press using broad historical, economic, and political perspectives. Her findings challenge the prevalent belief that the primary task of Third World media is to function as a tool for economic development.

Digital Journalism

Emerging Media and the Changing Horizons of Journalism
Author: Kevin Kawamoto
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742526815
Category: Social Science
Page: 189
View: 2387

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In this innovative book, experts on digital journalism share their perspectives on what digital journalism is, where it came from, and where it may be going. Addressing many important issues in new media and journalism, authors take on history, convergence, ethics, online media and politics, and cutting-edge technology, from multimedia web sites to global satellite capabilities. Digital Journalism is a valuable resource for all journalism students and an intriguing read for anyone interested in the changing technology of news.

Deciding What’s True

The Rise of Political Fact-Checking in American Journalism
Author: Lucas Graves
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231542224
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 320
View: 4293

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Over the past decade, American outlets such as PolitiFact, FactCheck.org, and the Washington Post's Fact Checker have shaken up the political world by holding public figures accountable for what they say. Cited across social and national news media, these verdicts can rattle a political campaign and send the White House press corps scrambling. Yet fact-checking is a fraught kind of journalism, one that challenges reporters' traditional roles as objective observers and places them at the center of white-hot, real-time debates. As these journalists are the first to admit, in a hyperpartisan world, facts can easily slip into fiction, and decisions about which claims to investigate and how to judge them are frequently denounced as unfair play. Deciding What's True draws on Lucas Graves's unique access to the members of the newsrooms leading this movement. Graves vividly recounts the routines of journalists at three of these hyperconnected, technologically innovative organizations and what informs their approach to a story. Graves also plots a compelling, personality-driven history of the fact-checking movement and its recent evolution from the blogosphere, reflecting on its revolutionary remaking of journalistic ethics and practice. His book demonstrates the ways these rising organizations depend on professional networks and media partnerships yet have also made inroads with the academic and philanthropic worlds. These networks have become a vital source of influence as fact-checking spreads around the world.

The Press in Colonial Queensland

A Social and Political History, 1845-1875
Author: Denis Cryle
Publisher: University of Queensland Press(Australia)
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 191
View: 3971

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Outspoken and influential, the newspapers of colonial Queensland wrote history as well as made it. Press owners, contollers nad journalists are the subject of this valuable study into metropolitan and provincial newspapeers from the 1840s to 1875.--back cover.

The Power of News


Author: Michael Schudson
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674695863
Category: Social Science
Page: 269
View: 9448

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Some say it's simply information, mirroring the world. Others believe it's propaganda, promoting a partisan view. But news, Michael Schudson tells us, is really both and neither; it is a form of culture, complete with its own literary and social conventions and powerful in ways far more subtle and complex than its many critics might suspect. A penetrating look into this culture, The Power of News offers a compelling view of the news media's emergence as a central institution of modern society, a key repository of common knowledge and cultural authority. One of our foremost writers on journalism and mass communication, Schudson shows us the news evolving in concert with American democracy and industry, subject to the social forces that shape the culture at large. He excavates the origins of contemporary journalistic practices, including the interview, the summary lead, the preoccupation with the presidency, and the ironic and detached stance of the reporter toward the political world. His book explodes certain myths perpetuated by both journalists and critics. The press, for instance, did not bring about the Spanish-American War or bring down Richard Nixon; TV did not decide the Kennedy-Nixon debates or turn the public against the Vietnam War. Then what does the news do? True to their calling, the media mediate, as Schudson demonstrates. He analyzes how the news, by making knowledge public, actually changes the character of knowledge and allows people to act on that knowledge in new and significant ways. He brings to bear a wealth of historical scholarship and a keen sense for the apt questions about the production, meaning, and reception of news today.

Westminster Tales

The Twenty-first-Century Crisis in Political Journalism
Author: Steve Barnett,Ivor Gaber
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9780826450210
Category: Political Science
Page: 150
View: 992

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Politics today is inextricably bound to the media, indeed it is now a routine assumption that the media can determine election outcomes. Consequently, over the last twenty years, the conduct of politics has become increasingly driven by what might "play well" on television or in the press. Election campaigning, budgets, party platforms, and even the contents of legislative bills are dominated by media considerations.Westminster Tales explores how that relationship works in practice. What sort of deals are done between politicians and journalists? What tactics do politicians use to try and manipulate the media? What are journalists' techniques of resistance? What determines how a campaign is put together? Have policy issues and the national good really been surrendered to image-making and sound-bite tactics?Barnett and Gaber examine the modern process of political communication through the eyes of the many actors now involved. Through their own experiences, and through personal interviews conducted with many of the key media and political figures, they construct a vivid picture of how political communication is managed today and the direction in which it is going.

The Political History of Ghana (1950-2013)

The Experience of a Non-Conformist
Author: Dr. Obed Yao Asamoah
Publisher: AuthorHouse
ISBN: 149698563X
Category: History
Page: 774
View: 1164

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This book is an instructive historical record of the First Republic of Ghana and the triumphs and tribulations of successive governments since 1950. It reminds us of the struggle between Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah and his political opponents in the period preceding the achievement of political independence for Ghana, the events leading to his overthrow, and its impact on the course of Ghanas history. It is perhaps the most comprehensive history to date of the Rawlings era, the establishment of the Fourth Republic, and the formation of the National Democratic Congress (NDC). The NDC came to eclipse the Convention Peoples Party (CPP) as the rival of the DanquahBusia tradition manifested in the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC), the countrys oldest national political movement originally formed to pioneer the independence struggle but later eclipsed by the breakaway CPP. The UGCC has undergone several transformations since and today is represented by the New Patriotic Party (NPP). The book well documents the challenges facing independent Ghana, including those related to the growth of democracy nationwide and within political parties. The African liberation struggle, the drama of the Congo crisis of the 1960s, and the Liberian crisis of the 1990s are graphically re-enacted to highlight Ghanas significant role in the events. It is perhaps the best account of the sacrifices Ghana and other ECOWAS countries, particularly Nigeria, made in returning peace to Liberia after a bitter civil war through the successful peacekeeping and peace-enforcement efforts of ECOWAS Monitoring Group (ECOMOG). The book sheds light on Dr. Obed Yao Asamoahs evolution into a politician of no mean achievement during the creation of the Fourth Republic and as the longest serving Foreign Minister and Attorney-General and Minister of Justice Ghana has ever known, offices he held simultaneously between 1993 and 1997.

A History of Journalism and Communication in China


Author: Yunze Zhao,Ping Sun
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317519310
Category: Social Science
Page: 176
View: 6513

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From a modern perspective, journalism is highly relevant to modern society, along with the emergence of mass printing system and professionalisation. This book, however, expands the meaning of journalism and views it as a social process. It will not only explore the roots and development of Chinese journalism and communication, but also demonstrate how Chinese journalism and communication interact and struggle with social culture and politics. Arranged in chronological order mainly, this book examines the initial development of Chinese journalism in ancient times in chapter 1, which from then manifested strong political attributes. After the Opium War in 1840, missionaries and businessmen from the West started to set up newspapers and periodicals in China, which brought about the birth of China’s modern journalism industry. Then China’s private newspapers and political party’s press are studied, which are closely linked with political revolutions and have a far-reaching impact on modern Chinese society. What happened to Chinese journalism and communication after the founding of People’s Republic of China in 1949? This book reviews the newspaper reforms, and studies the great negative impacts brought by "Cultural Revolution". Noteworthy news phenomena after the reform and opening-up are also covered. This book will appeal to scholars and students in journalism, communication and Chinese studies. Readers interested in Chinese society and modern Chinese history will also be attracted by it.