A New History of Modern Architecture


Author: Colin Davies
Publisher: Laurence King Publishing
ISBN: 9781786270573
Category: Architecture
Page: 500
View: 7562

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Combining a fascinating, thought-provoking and – above all – readable text with over 800 photographs, plans, and sections, this exciting new reading of modern architecture is a must for students and architecture enthusiasts alike. Organized largely as a chronology, chapters necessarily overlap to allow for the discrete examination of key themes including typologies, movements, and biographical studies, as well as the impact of evolving technology and country-specific influences.

Programme und Manifeste zur Architektur des 20. Jahrhunderts


Author: N.A
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3035602786
Category: Architecture
Page: 181
View: 9836

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Der erste Band der Bauwelt Fundamente versammelt 34 Texte von Architekten und Architekturtheoretikern, die das Bauen in den ersten sechs Jahrzehnten des 20. Jahrhunderts nachhaltig gestaltet und geprägt haben. 1963 von Ulrich Conrads, dem damaligen Chefredakteur der Bauwelt, zusammengestellt und kommentiert, bietet diese Sammlung von Programmen, Grundsätzen und Manifesten zur Architektur der Moderne auch heute noch eine Grundlage für das Verständnis und die Auseinandersetzung mit der Praxis und der Theorie des Bauens im vergangenen Jahrhundert. Mit Texten von van de Velde, Loos, Wright, van der Rohe, Le Corbusier, Gropius, Buckminster Fuller, Hollein, Friedman, u.a. sind die Protagonisten des architektonischen Schaffens im 20. Jahrhundert vertreten. 50 Jahre nach Erscheinen ist mit dieser Sammlung von Quellentexten auch ein historisches Dokument der (Selbst-)Reflexion der Architektur wieder lieferbar.

History of Modern Architecture


Author: Leonardo Benevolo
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262520454
Category: Architecture
Page: 868
View: 3474

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Let it be said at once that the format of this work is richly handsome: it is atwo-volume boxed set comprising 844 pages and well over 1,000 high-quality illustrations, and itreflects throughout its publisher's conviction that good design is an essential, not superficial,part of bookmaking.Beyond that, it should be emphasized that this work is not another facilecultural tour of modern architecture. It is a serious and original study of the beginnings anddevelopment of modernism in which the pictorial aspects are designed to aid in the communication ofthe author's closely reasoned formulations, rather than to gloss over a lack of substantivecontent.The book is a translation of the third Italian edition, published in 1966. Benevolo, who ison the faculty of architecture in Venice, has earned an international reputation as a historian ofarchitecture and town planning, and his publications embrace the span of time from the Renaissanceto the foreseeable future. One such publication, The Origins of Modern Town Planning (The MIT Press,1967), may be read as a prelude to the present work as well as an independent contribution. Perhapsmore than any other architectural historian in our time, Benevolo has made a determined effort toplace developments in design and planning in their proper social and political settings.Indeed, theauthor argues that the development of the modern movement in architecture was determined, not byaesthetic formalisms, but largely by the social changes that have occurred since about 1760: "Afterthe middle of the eighteenth century, without the continuity of formal activity being in any waybroken, indeed while architectural language seems to be acquiring a particular coherence, therelations between architect and society began to change radically.... New material and spiritualneeds, new ideas and modes of procedure arise both within and beyond the traditional limits, andfinally they run together to form a new architectural synthesis that is completely different fromthe old one. In this way it is possible to explain the birth of modern architecture, which otherwisewould seem completely incomprehensible...."This second volume is concerned with the modern movementproper, from 1914 to 1966. The author emphasizes the unity of the movement, rejecting the usualtreatment that allots to the individual architects separate and unconnected biographicalaccounts.Benevolo remarks at one point, "When one talks about modern architecture one must bear inmind the fact that it implies not only a new range of forms, but also a new way of thinking, whoseconsequences have not yet all been calculated." His main concern is to provide a more exactcalculation of those consequences.

Modern Architecture in Mexico City

History, Representation, and the Shaping of a Capital
Author: Kathryn E. O'Rourke
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
ISBN: 0822981629
Category: Architecture
Page: 368
View: 5023

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Mexico City became one of the centers of architectural modernism in the Americas in the first half of the twentieth century. Invigorated by insights drawn from the first published histories of Mexican colonial architecture, which suggested that Mexico possessed a distinctive architecture and culture, beginning in the 1920s a new generation of architects created profoundly visual modern buildings intended to convey Mexico’s unique cultural character. By midcentury these architects and their students had rewritten the country’s architectural history and transformed the capital into a metropolis where new buildings that evoked pre-conquest, colonial, and International Style architecture coexisted. Through an exploration of schools, a university campus, a government ministry, a workers’ park, and houses for Diego Rivera and Luis Barragán, Kathryn O’Rourke offers a new interpretation of modern architecture in the Mexican capital, showing close links between design, evolving understandings of national architectural history, folk art, and social reform. This book demonstrates why creating a distinctively Mexican architecture captivated architects whose work was formally dissimilar, and how that concern became central to the profession.

A New History of Modern Latin America


Author: Lawrence A. Clayton,Michael L. Conniff,Susan M. Gauss
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520289021
Category: History
Page: 712
View: 6630

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"This comprehensive text provides a detailed narrative history of each of the nations of Latin America, from Chile and Argentina in the South to Mexico and Cuba in the north. It begins with the Wars of Independence in the early nineteenth century and stretches to the democratic turn in the twenty-first. It interprets major themes, such as the age of caudillos in the nineteenth century, populism in the twentieth century, and globalization in the twenty-first century. These themes, along with others such as ethnic strife, social revolutions, and militarism, transcend borders and show the unity of the Latin America experience, even as the text draws out the diversity that marks the region's geography, peoples, and cultures."--Provided by publisher.

The Emergence of Modern Architecture

A Documentary History from 1000 to 1810
Author: Liane Lefaivre,Alexander Tzonis
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415260251
Category: Architecture
Page: 533
View: 7060

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How did Modern Architecture come about as a way of thinking? What were the forces that led to its emergence and evolution? From where did the new desires, values and beliefs, the design methods and building types that make up its cognitive system originate? In this book Liane Lefaivre and Alexander Tzonis bring together 140 documents spanning a period from the year 1000 to the end of the eighteenth century. They argue that Modern Architectural thinking was created during this period, a wholly new forma mentis for conceiving buildings, landscapes, and cities. The material includes, in addition to the more predictable texts, key extracts from architectural treatises, handbooks, and textbooks, material from letters, articles from the press of the times, scientific memoirs, maxims, poems, plays, and novels. Their authors are equally varied architects, patrons, politicians, artists, poets, scientists, priests, philosophers, and journalists. Some describe and systematize, some argue and criticize, and a large number are eager to present new findings and new ways to construe and construct the world. Through these diverse records, figures, and voices Lefaivre and Tzonis reconstruct a process of complex and perplexing events, conflicts, experiments, and interactions. They uncover that modernism is by its very nature multiple and identify what they call the cognitive 'co-revolution', a web of parallel revolutionary changes occurring in courts, monasteries, palaces, villas, academies, and workshops. This is the story of the replacement over a period of eight centuries of an 'archaic' design mentality, based on myth and ritual, with today's modern forms of reasoning. Marked with contradictions, Modern Architecture emerges making use of rigorous science but also freewheeling fantasy, driven by the desire for efficiency as well as for luxury and aesthetic delight, for adventure of experiences and for critical reflection, for global universality and for regionalist identity, for totalitarian power and for emancipation of the deprived and the oppressed.

Italy

Modern Architectures in History
Author: Diane Ghirardo
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 1861899696
Category: Architecture
Page: 335
View: 5013

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Packed in its dense, historic city centers, Italy holds some of the most prized architecture and art in the world, with which planners and politicians have had to negotiate as they struggle to cope with massive migration from the countryside to the city. Early modern architecture coincided with a sustained drive to transform a country that was still primarily rural into a modern industrial state, and throughout the twentieth century, architects in Italy have attempted to define the role of architecture within a capitalist economy and under diverse political systems. In Italy: Modern Architectures in History, Diane Yvonne Ghirardo addresses these and other issues in her analysis of the last century of Italy’s building practices. Specifically, she examines the post-unification efforts to identify a distinctly Italian architectural language, as well as the transformation of the urban environment in Italian cities undergoing industrialization in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. She challenges received interpretations of modern architecture and also looks at the subject of illegal building and current responses to ecological challenges. In order to illuminate the full scope of the building industry in Italy, her examples are drawn not only from the work of widely published architects in the largest cities but from throughout the peninsula, including small towns and rural areas. Insightful reading for those interested in Italian culture, this book offers a new way of understanding the architectural history of modern Italy.

Raum, Zeit, Architektur

Die Entstehung einer neuen Tradition
Author: Sigfried Giedion
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3035605777
Category: Architecture
Page: 560
View: 8865

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Der Architekturhistoriker Sigfried Giedion gilt als ein Wegbereiter der Moderne, sein 1941 unter dem Titel Space, Time, Architecture erstmals erschienenes Werk ist längst zu einem Klassiker der Architekturtheorie avanciert. Giedion skizziert darin die Vorgeschichte und die Entwicklung des in denZwanzigerjahren so bedeutungsvollen neuen Bauens und veranschaulicht dessen weltweite Auswirkungen. In der Vielfalt oft widersprüchlicher Tendenzen suchte er die geheime Synthese, in der sich eine neue Tradition ankündigte, ohne dass sie zunächst zu einer bewussten und handlungsbestimmenden Realität wurde. Giedion wurde so zu dem Historiker, der das Entstehen dieser neuen Tradition in der Architektur sowie ihre Beziehungen zu Handwerk, Kunst und Wissenschaft sichtbar machte und so immer noch zur Transparenz des gegenwärtigen Zustands beiträgt. Das Nachwort des Architekturkritikers Reto Geiser erläutert die Aktualität dieses in alle Weltsprachen übersetzten Standardwerks.

Die Zukunft der Architektur in 100 Bauwerken

TED Books
Author: Marc Kushner
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104035482
Category: Architecture
Page: 176
View: 3877

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Die Zukunft der Architektur hat schon begonnen – 100 faszinierende Bauwerke an ungewöhnlichen Orten Ein Pavillon aus Papier, eine aufblasbare Konzerthalle, ein Forschungslabor, das durch den Schnee laufen kann – von den Gebäuden von morgen wird mehr verlangt. Marc Kushner hat 100 innovative Gebäude auf der ganzen Welt ausgewählt, um sie uns in Bild und Text vorzustellen. Eine faszinierende Reise durch die Architektur der Zukunft.

The Politics of Architecture

A history of modern architecture in Britain
Author: Anthony Jackson
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1487590482
Category: Architecture
Page: 220
View: 6015

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The history of British architecture since 1930 has been one of frequently heated controversy between the old idiom and the new and between various social and technological viewpoints. The battle is by no means over; indeed it is spreading to wider issues and outside what was previously a largely professional sphere. A book like this one, which spells out the issues and describes how they arose, is therefore of interest not only to architects and students of architecture but to the growing general public concerned about the man-made environment. Professor Jackson looks at the buildings of the period as the products of peculiar sets of circumstances, as works of art and in terms of what their designers were trying to achieve. And since there is much worth studying in the critical zone that separates architectural claims and hopes from social and aesthetic reality, this book offers both essential background material and a fascinating narrative that will in itself be a subject of controversy.

Modern Architecture


Author: Alan Colquhoun
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0192842269
Category: Architecture
Page: 287
View: 3082

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Eminent scholar Alan Colquhoun provides a fascinating analysis of international modernism in the world of architecture, and the complex motivations behind this revolutionary movement. Exploring the evolution of the movement from Art Nouveau in the 1890s to the megastructures of the 1960s, Colquhoun assesses the triumphs and failures of the era, along with the movement's main architects and their roles as acknowledged masters.

Building the New World

Studies in the Modern Architecture of Latin America, 1930-1960
Author: Valerie Fraser
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 9781859847879
Category: Architecture
Page: 280
View: 7669

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Brasilia, Caracas, Mexico City, Rio de Janeiro ... these are cities synonymous with some of the most innovative and progressive architecture of the twentieth century. The period between 1930 and 1960 in particular, when many Latin American economies expanded rapidly, was an era of incomparable inventiveness and creative production, as the various governments strove to shake off their colonial pasts and make public their modernising intentions. This book focuses on major state-funded architectural projects, featuring not only the high-profile prestigious building like the House of Representatives in Barsilia but also social architecture such as schools and los-cost housing developments. Architects like Pani, Costa, Reidy and Niemeyer, who undertook this work with considerable autonomy and significant financial resources, in effect became social planners, their avant-garde aesthetic and technical experimentation often being teamed with radical social agendas. By 1960, the year in which Brasilia was inaugurated, economic growth in the region was slowing and faith in the modernist project in general was faltering. The English-speaking world, which had previously endorsed and even envied Latin American architectural production, changed its opinion and largely dismissed it from the history of twentieth-century architecture. Building the New World redresses the balance. It provides an accessible introduction to the most important examples of state-funded modernism in Latin America during a period of almost unimaginable optimism, when politicians and architects saw architecture as, literally, a way of building themselves out of underdevelopment and into the new world of a culturally rich and socially inclusive future .

Changing Ideals in Modern Architecture, 1750-1950


Author: Peter Collins
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780773517752
Category: Architecture
Page: 308
View: 6408

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Changing Ideals in Modern Architecture revolutionized the understanding of modernism in architecture, pushing back the sense of its origin from the early twentieth century to the 1750s and thus placing architectural thought within the a broader context of Western intellectual history. This new edition of Peter Collins's ground-breaking study includes all seventy-two illustrations of the hard cover original edition, which has been out of print since 1967, and restores the large format.

Architektur denken


Author: Peter Zumthor
Publisher: Birkhauser
ISBN: 9783764374969
Category: Architecture
Page: 96
View: 2781

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Eine Architektur, die in einer sinnlichen Verbindung zum Leben stehen soll, erfordert ein Denken, das über Form und Konstruktion weit hinausgeht. Dieses Buch, dessen erste Auflage seit Jahren vergriffen ist, wurde nun um drei neue Essays ergänzt: “Hat Schönheit eine Form?”, “Die Magie des Realen” und “Das Licht in der Landschaft”. Das Buch erhielt nicht nur eine neue Typografie von Hannele Grönlund, sondern wurde mit eigens von Laura Padgett neu aufgenommen Farbfotos von Zumthors neuem Wohn- und Atelierhaus in Haldenstein auch durchgehend neu illustriert. In seinen Texten bringt Peter Zumthor zum Ausdruck, was ihn zu diesen Gebäuden motiviert, die Gefühl und Verstand auf so vielfältige Weise ansprechen und über eine unbedingte Präsenz und Ausstrahlung verfügen.

Modern Architecture

A Critical History
Author: Kenneth Frampton
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780500203958
Category: Architecture
Page: 424
View: 2505

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This acclaimed survey of modern architecture and its origins has become a classic since it first appeared in 1980. For this fourth edition Kenneth Frampton has added a major new chapter that explores the effects of globalization on architecture in recent years, the rise annd rise of the celebrity architect, and the way in which practices worldwide have addressed such issues as sustainability and habitat. The bibliography has also been updated and expanded, making this volume more complete and indispensable than ever.

Towards a New Architect


Author: Yasmin Shariff,Jane Tankard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136433856
Category: Architecture
Page: 116
View: 7762

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After three years of education, architecture students have to start out on their first year of practical training as the initial step in a career in the professional world--all too often without enough clear advice to make sure that their first step is in the right direction. Towards a New Architect helps you to make the right moves. It explores how to research the opportunities available, prepare your CV, make sure that it gets you noticed for the right reasons and deliver a successful interview as part of a clear plan for building your career as an architect. For many architecture students the ultimate goal in their career is to set up in practice for themselves. This book sets out the steps to get there successfully and to make the process enjoyable and fulfilling.