A New Ecology

Systems Perspective
Author: Sven Erik Jørgensen,Brian Fath,Simone Bastianoni,Joao C. Marques,Felix Muller,S. Nors Nielsen,Bernard D. Patten,Enzo Tiezzi,Robert E. Ulanowicz
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080497396
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 6612

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A New Ecology presents an ecosystem theory based on the following ecosystem properties: physical openness, ontic openness, directionality, connectivity, a complex dynamic for growth and development, and a complex dynamic response to disturbances. Each of these properties is developed in detail to show that these basic and characteristic properties can be applied to explain a wide spectrum of ecological obsevations and convections. It is also shown that the properties have application for environmental management and for assessment of ecosystem health. * Demonstrates an ecosystem theory that can be applied to explain ecological observations and rules * Presents an ecosystem theory based upon a systems approach * Discusses an ecosystem theory that is based on a few basic properties that are characteristic for ecosystmes

A New Ecology

Systems Perspective
Author: Simone Bastianoni,Joao C. Marques,Felix Muller,Robert E. Ulanowicz,Bernard D. Patten,Sven Erik Jørgensen,Enzo Tiezzi
Publisher: Elsevier Science
ISBN: 9780444637574
Category: Science
Page: 316
View: 5125

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A New Ecology: Systems Perspective, Second Edition, gives an overview of the commonalities of all ecosystems from a variety of properties: physical openness, ontic openness, directionality, connectivity, a complex dynamic for growth and development, and a complex dynamic response to disturbances. Each chapter details basic and characteristic properties and then helps the reader understand how they can be applied to explain a wide spectrum of current ecological research and environmental management applications. Every chapter has been revised, updated or re-developed to include the most current research and technology Reviews universal traits of ecosystems from multiple perspectives, giving the reader a complete overview of the systems perspective of ecology Offers broad examples of ecology as a systems science, from the history of science to philosophy to the arts, making this reference work engaging for readers Brings together the systems perspective in a framework of four columns for greater understanding: thermodynamics, network theory, hierarchy theory and biochemistry Contains new chapter on application of the theory to environmental management

The New Ecology

Rethinking a Science for the Anthropocene
Author: Oswald J. Schmitz
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400883466
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 6162

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Our species has transitioned from being one among millions on Earth to the species that is single-handedly transforming the entire planet to suit its own needs. In order to meet the daunting challenges of environmental sustainability in this epoch of human domination—known as the Anthropocene—ecologists have begun to think differently about the interdependencies between humans and the natural world. This concise and accessible book provides the best available introduction to what this new ecology is all about—and why it matters more than ever before. Oswald Schmitz describes how the science of ecology is evolving to provide a better understanding of how human agency is shaping the natural world, often in never-before-seen ways. The new ecology emphasizes the importance of conserving species diversity, because it can offer a portfolio of options to keep our ecosystems resilient in the face of environmental change. It envisions humans taking on new roles as thoughtful stewards of the environment to ensure that ecosystems have the enduring capacity to supply the environmental services on which our economic well-being—and our very existence—depend. It offers the ecological know-how to maintain and enhance our planet's environmental performance and ecosystem production for the benefit of current and future generations. Informative and engaging, The New Ecology shows how today’s ecology can provide the insights we need to appreciate the crucial role we play in this era of unprecedented global environmental transition.

Ökologischer Landbau

Grundlagen, Wissensstand und Herausforderungen
Author: Bernhard Freyer
Publisher: UTB
ISBN: 3825246396
Category: Science
Page: 712
View: 9403

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Der ökologische Landbau unterliegt einer permanenten und schnellen Entwicklung. Seine wissenschaftliche Erforschung hilft, dessen Grundlagen kritisch zu hinterfragen, Innovationen einzubringen sowie Defizite aus der Praxis aufzugreifen und in enger Abstimmung mit dieser zu beheben. Das vorliegende Buch liefert dazu kritische Analysen und bietet einen fundierten Überblick zu den künftigen Forschungsfeldern.

The New Ecology of Leadership

Business Mastery in a Chaotic World
Author: David K. Hurst
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231159714
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 304
View: 7036

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David Hurst has a unique knowledge of organizationsÑtheir function and their failureÑboth in theory and in practice. He has spent twenty-five years as an operating manager, often in crises and turnaround conditions, and is also a widely experienced consultant, teacher, and writer on business. This book is his innovative integration of management practice and theory, using a systems perspective and analogies drawn from nature to illustrate groundbreaking ideas and their practical application. It is designed for readers unfamiliar with sophisticated management concepts and for active practitioners seeking to advance their management and leadership skills. HurstÕs objective is to help readers make meaning from their own management experience and education, and to encourage improvement in their practical judgment and wisdom. His approach takes an expansive view of organizations, connecting their development to humankindÕs evolutionary heritage and cultural history. It locates the origins of organizations in communities of trust and follows their development and maturation. He also crucially tracks the decline of organizations as they age and shows how their strengths become weaknesses in changing circumstances. HurstÕs core argument is that the human mind is rational in an ecological, rather than a logical, sense. In other words, it has evolved to extract cues to action from the specific situations in which it finds itself. Therefore contexts matter, and Hurst shows how passion, reason, and power can be used to change and sustain organizations for good and ill. The result is an inspirational synthesis of management theory and practice that will resonate with every readerÕs experience.

Encyclopedia of Ecology


Author: Brian D. Fath
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444641300
Category: Science
Page: 2780
View: 3291

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Encyclopedia of Ecology, Second Edition continues the acclaimed work of the previous edition published in 2008. It covers all scales of biological organization, from organisms, to populations, to communities and ecosystems. Laboratory, field, simulation modelling, and theoretical approaches are presented to show how living systems sustain structure and function in space and time. New areas of focus include micro- and macro scales, molecular and genetic ecology, and global ecology (e.g., climate change, earth transformations, ecosystem services, and the food-water-energy nexus) are included. In addition, new, international experts in ecology contribute on a variety of topics. Offers the most broad-ranging and comprehensive resource available in the field of ecology Provides foundational content and suggests further reading Incorporates the expertise of over 500 outstanding investigators in the field of ecology, including top young scientists with both research and teaching experience Includes multimedia resources, such as an Interactive Map Viewer and links to a CSDMS (Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System), an open-source platform for modelers to share and link models dealing with earth system processes

Value and Economy of Marine Resources


Author: André Monaco,Patrick Prouzet
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111900781X
Category: Science
Page: 316
View: 1397

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Marine resources and their exploitation, recovery and economic networks they generate are here from the perspective now inevitable growing environmental constraints, policy management and technical innovation. The recent development of marine biotechnology , the discovery of a great pharmacopoeia especially in reef environments , the development of marine renewables , are examples which show that man can develop through these new technologies property and services of the ocean. But this development resources under pressure of global change requires not only taking into account technical, but also social and political. This is the price that the analysis of maritime activities will assess the sustainability and development of various economic sectors and coastal populations, faced with the objectives of a "blue growth" associated with a return to the "good state" of the marine environment.

A World-systems Reader

New Perspectives on Gender, Urbanism, Cultures, Indigenous Peoples, and Ecology
Author: Thomas D. Hall
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847691845
Category: Social Science
Page: 339
View: 8051

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This book brings together some of the most influential research from the world-systems perspective. The authors survey and analyze new and emerging topics from a wide range of disciplinary perspectives, from political science to archaeology. Each analytical essay is written in accessible language so that the volume serves as a lucid introduction both to the tradition of world-systems thought and the new debates that are sparking further research today. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Encyclopedia of Ecology: A-C


Author: Sven Erik Jørgensen
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780080453972
Category: Ecology
Page: 4122
View: 5297

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The Encyclopedia of Ecology contains contributions from international experts on a diverse array of topics related to ecology. It provides current and comprehensive information on many themes, including behavioral ecology, ecological processes, ecological modeling, ecological engineering, ecological indicators, ecological informatics, ecosystems, ecotoxicology, evolutionary ecology, general ecology, global ecology, human ecology, and systems ecology. The online version includes extensive internal cross-referencing and dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases.

Natural Resource Use and Global Change

New Interdisciplinary Perspectives in Social Ecology
Author: K. Bruckmeier
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137303158
Category: Political Science
Page: 290
View: 5149

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Building on recent developments in social ecology, this book advances a new critical theory of society and nature, exploring social metabolism and global resource flows in contemporary society. Barriers to global sustainability are identified and conditions for transforming industrial economies towards new sustainable resource use are described.

Understanding Urban Ecosystems

A New Frontier for Science and Education
Author: Alan R. Berkowitz,Charles H. Nilon,Karen S. Hollweg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 038722615X
Category: Political Science
Page: 526
View: 7581

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Nowhere on Earth is the challenge for ecological understanding greater, and yet more urgent, than in those parts of the globe where human activity is most intense - cities. People need to understand how cities work as ecological systems so they can take control of the vital links between human actions and environmental quality, and work for an ecologically and economically sustainable future. An ecosystem approach integrates biological, physical and social factors and embraces historical and geographical dimensions, providing our best hope for coping with the complexity of cities. This book is a first of its kind effort to bring together leaders in the biological, physical and social dimensions of urban ecosystem research with leading education researchers, administrators and practitioners, to show how an understanding of urban ecosystems is vital for urban dwellers to grasp the fundamentals of ecological and environmental science, and to understand their own environment.

Global Ecology and Unequal Exchange

Fetishism in a Zero-Sum World
Author: Alf Hornborg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136658491
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 192
View: 8458

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In modern society, we tend to have faith in technology. But is our concept of ‘technology’ itself a cultural illusion? This book challenges the idea that humanity as a whole is united in a common development toward increasingly efficient technologies. Instead it argues that modern technology implies a kind of global ‘zero-sum game’ involving uneven resource flows, which make it possible for wealthier parts of global society to save time and space at the expense of humans and environments in the poorer parts. We tend to think of the functioning of machines as if it was detached from the social relations of exchange which make machines economically and physically possible (in some areas). But even the steam engine that was the core of the Industrial Revolution in England was indissolubly linked to slave labour and soil erosion in distant cotton plantations. And even as seemingly benign a technology as railways have historically saved time (and accessed space) primarily for those who can afford them, but at the expense of labour time and natural space lost for other social groups with less purchasing power. The existence of technology, in other words, is not a cornucopia signifying general human progress, but the unevenly distributed result of unequal resource transfers that the science of economics is not equipped to perceive. Technology is not simply a relation between humans and their natural environment, but more fundamentally a way of organizing global human society. From the very start it has been a global phenomenon, which has intertwined political, economic and environmental histories in complex and inequitable ways. This book unravels these complex connections and rejects the widespread notion that technology will make the world sustainable. Instead it suggests a radical reform of money, which would be as useful for achieving sustainability as for avoiding financial breakdown. It brings together various perspectives from environmental and economic anthropology, ecological economics, political ecology, world-system analysis, fetishism theory, semiotics, environmental and economic history, and development theory. Its main contribution is a new understanding of technological development and concerns about global sustainability as questions of power and uneven distribution, ultimately deriving from the inherent logic of general-purpose money. It should be of interest to students and professionals with a background or current engagement in anthropology, sustainability studies, environmental history, economic history, or development studies.

A New ecology

novel approaches to interactive systems
Author: Peter W. Price,C. N. Slobodchikoff,William S. Gaud,Northern Arizona University
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 515
View: 8391

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Based on a conference held at Northern Arizona University, Aug. 11-13, 1982.

Climate Change and Social Ecology

A New Perspective on the Climate Challenge
Author: Stephen M. Wheeler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136344187
Category: Architecture
Page: 192
View: 1586

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Although strategies to prevent global warming – such as by conserving energy, relying on solar and wind power, and reducing motor vehicle use – are well-known, societies have proved unable to implement these measures with the necessary speed. They have also been unwilling to confront underlying issues such as overconsumption, overpopulation, inequity, and dysfunctional political systems. Political and social obstacles have prevented the adoption of improved technologies, which would provide only a partial solution in any case if the fundamental causes of greenhouse gas emissions aren’t addressed. Climate Change and Social Ecology takes a new approach to the climate crisis, portraying global warming as a challenge of rapid social evolution. This book argues that, in order to address this impending catastrophe and bring about more sustainable development, we must focus on improving social ecology – our values, mind-sets, and social organization. Steps to do this include institutional reforms to improve democracy, educational strategies to encourage public understanding of complex issues, and measures to prevent corporations and the wealthy from shaping societies in other directions instead. This book presents a captivating vision of how to help social systems evolve toward sustainability and explores the social transformations needed for dealing with the climate crisis in the long term. It reviews the climate change strategies considered to date, presents a detailed description of a future sustainable society, and analyzes how this vision might be realized through more conscious public nurturing of our social systems. This interdisciplinary volume provides a compelling rethink of the climate crisis. Authoritative and accessible, it will be of great interest to anyone concerned about climate change and sustainability challenges and is essential reading for students, professionals, and general readers alike.

From Populations to Ecosystems

Theoretical Foundations for a New Ecological Synthesis (MPB-46)
Author: Michel Loreau
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400834167
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 4285

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The major subdisciplines of ecology--population ecology, community ecology, ecosystem ecology, and evolutionary ecology--have diverged increasingly in recent decades. What is critically needed today is an integrated, real-world approach to ecology that reflects the interdependency of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. From Populations to Ecosystems proposes an innovative theoretical synthesis that will enable us to advance our fundamental understanding of ecological systems and help us to respond to today's emerging global ecological crisis. Michel Loreau begins by explaining how the principles of population dynamics and ecosystem functioning can be merged. He then addresses key issues in the study of biodiversity and ecosystems, such as functional complementarity, food webs, stability and complexity, material cycling, and metacommunities. Loreau describes the most recent theoretical advances that link the properties of individual populations to the aggregate properties of communities, and the properties of functional groups or trophic levels to the functioning of whole ecosystems, placing special emphasis on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Finally, he turns his attention to the controversial issue of the evolution of entire ecosystems and their properties, laying the theoretical foundations for a genuine evolutionary ecosystem ecology. From Populations to Ecosystems points the way to a much-needed synthesis in ecology, one that offers a fuller understanding of ecosystem processes in the natural world.

Novel Ecosystems

Intervening in the New Ecological World Order
Author: Richard J. Hobbs,Eric S. Higgs,Carol Hall
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118354206
Category: Nature
Page: 384
View: 4652

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Land conversion, climate change and species invasions arecontributing to the widespread emergence of novel ecosystems, whichdemand a shift in how we think about traditional approaches toconservation, restoration and environmental management. They arenovel because they exist without historical precedents and areself-sustaining. Traditional approaches emphasizing native speciesand historical continuity are challenged by novel ecosystems thatdeliver critical ecosystems services or are simply immune topractical restorative efforts. Some fear that, by raising the issueof novel ecosystems, we are simply paving the way for a morelaissez-faire attitude to conservation and restoration.Regardless of the range of views and perceptions about novelecosystems, their existence is becoming ever more obvious andprevalent in today’s rapidly changing world. In this firstcomprehensive volume to look at the ecological, social, cultural,ethical and policy dimensions of novel ecosystems, the authorsargue these altered systems are overdue for careful analysis andthat we need to figure out how to intervene in them responsibly.This book brings together researchers from a range of disciplinestogether with practitioners and policy makers to explore thequestions surrounding novel ecosystems. It includes chapters on keyconcepts and methodologies for deciding when and how to intervenein systems, as well as a rich collection of case studies andperspective pieces. It will be a valuable resource for researchers,managers and policy makers interested in the question of howhumanity manages and restores ecosystems in a rapidly changingworld. A companion website with additional resources is available at ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/hobbs/ecosystems"www.wiley.com/go/hobbs/ecosystems/a

Spatial Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems


Author: Graeme S. Cumming
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400703070
Category: Science
Page: 254
View: 4926

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Spatial Resilience is a new and exciting area of interdisciplinary research. It focuses on the influence of spatial variation – including such things as spatial location, context, connectivity, and dispersal – on the resilience of complex systems, and on the roles that resilience and self-organization play in generating spatial variation. Prof. Cumming provides a readable introduction and a first comprehensive synthesis covering the core concepts and applications of spatial resilience to the study of social-ecological systems. The book follows a trajectory from concepts through models, methods, and case study analysis before revisiting the central problems in the further conceptual development of the field. In the process, the author ranges from the movements of lions in northern Zimbabwe to the urban jungles of Europe, and from the collapse of past societies to the social impacts of modern conflict. The many case studies and examples discussed in the book show how the concept of spatial resilience can generate valuable insights into the spatial dynamics of social-ecological systems and contribute to solving some of the most pressing problems of our time. Although it has been written primarily for students, this book will provide fascinating reading for interdisciplinary scientists at all career stages as well as for the interested public. "Graeme Cumming, central in the development of resilience thinking and theory, has produced a wonderful book on spatial resilience, the first ever on this topic. The book will become a shining star, a classic in the explosion of new ideas and approaches to studying and understanding social-ecological systems." Carl Folke, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Sweden

Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health, Second Edition


Author: Sven E. Jørgensen,Liu Xu,Robert Costanza
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 498
View: 9157

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Continuing in the tradition of its bestselling predecessor, the Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health, Second Edition brings together world-class editors and contributors who have been at the forefront of ecosystem health assessment research for decades, to provide a sound approach to environmental management and sustainable development. Significantly updated and expanded, this authoritative resource details a proven framework for selecting, evaluating, and validating ecological indicators for ecosystem health assessment. It guides readers through the application of this framework to a wide range of ecosystems, including wetlands, estuaries, coastal zones, lakes, forests, marine ecosystems, lagoons, agricultural systems, landscapes, and rivers. The text synthesizes material from a variety of books, journals, and private research, to consider biodiversity, energy needs, ecological economics, and natural capital in the measurement of ecological health. Organized for ease of reference, the first part of the handbook provides the required theoretical background. It presents a complete overview of all relevant ecological indicators—including thermodynamics, resilience estimates, exergy, and emergy indicators. The second part focuses on how to effectively apply the ecological indicators to a number of important ecosystems. It includes many examples and case studies that clearly illustrate the advantages and disadvantages of each method for specific applications. Offering first-hand insight and practical guidance from practitioners in the field, this complete resource supplies the tools and the well-rounded understanding required to diagnose the health of virtually any ecosystem with much improved accuracy.

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling

Applications in Environmental Management and Research
Author: Sven Erik Jørgensen,Brian D. Fath
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
ISBN: 9780444535672
Category: Science
Page: 399
View: 9145

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Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling: Applications in Environmental Management and Research, Fourth Edition, provides a comprehensive discussion of the fundamental principles of ecological modeling. The first two editions of this book (published in 1986 and 1994) focused on the roots of the discipline the four main model types that dominated the field 30-40 years ago: (1) dynamic biogeochemical models; (2) population dynamic models; (3) ecotoxicological models; and (4) steady-state biogeochemical and energy models. The third edition focused on the mathematical formulations of ecological processes that are included in ecological models. This fourth edition uses the four model types previously listed as the foundation and expands the latest model developments in spatial models, structural dynamic models, and individual-based models. As these seven types of models are very different and require different considerations in the model development phase, a separate chapter is devoted to the development of each of the model types. Throughout the text, the examples given from the literature emphasize the application of models for environmental management and research. Presents the most commonly used model types with a step-by-step outline of the modeling procedure used for each Shows readers through an illustrated example of how to use each model in research and management settings New edition is revised to include only essential theory with a focus on applications Includes case studies, illustrations, and exercises (case study of an ecological problem with full illustration on how to solve the problem)

A Systemic Perspective to Managing Complexity with Enterprise Architecture


Author: Saha, Pallab
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466645199
Category: Computers
Page: 580
View: 5787

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Organizational complexity is an unavoidable aspect of all businesses, even larger ones, which can hinder their ability to react to sudden or disruptive change. However, with the implementation of enterprise architecture (EA), businesses are able to provide their leaders with the resources needed to address any arising challenges. A Systemic Perspective to Managing Complexity with Enterprise Architecture highlights the current advances in utilizing enterprise architecture for managing organizational complexity. By demonstrating the value and usefulness of EA, this book serves as a reference for business leaders, managers, engineers, enterprise architects, and many others interested in new research and approaches to business complexity.