A Manual of Chemical & Biological Methods for Seawater Analysis


Author: Timothy R. Parsons
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483293394
Category: Science
Page: 188
View: 4646

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An introduction to the quantitative analysis of seawater, describing in detail biological and chemical techniques, which are considered to be amongst those most often used by biological oceanographers. The manual provides complete instructions for the addition of reagents and calculation of results with reference material for each method so that the original texts can be consulted if necessary. In general, the techniques require a minimum of prior professional training and methods needing very expensive equipment have been avoided.

Japanese Studies in Canada

The 1990s
Author: Kokusai Kōryū Kikin,Association for Asian Studies
Publisher: T̄okȳo : Japan Foundation ; Ann Arbor, Mich. : Association for Asian Studies
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 213
View: 3322

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ABPR


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 545

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Understanding Climate's Influence on Human Evolution


Author: Committee on the Earth system Context for Hominin Evolution,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309148383
Category: Science
Page: 128
View: 7809

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The hominin fossil record documents a history of critical evolutionary events that have ultimately shaped and defined what it means to be human, including the origins of bipedalism; the emergence of our genus Homo; the first use of stone tools; increases in brain size; and the emergence of Homo sapiens, tools, and culture. The Earth's geological record suggests that some evolutionary events were coincident with substantial changes in African and Eurasian climate, raising the possibility that critical junctures in human evolution and behavioral development may have been affected by the environmental characteristics of the areas where hominins evolved. Understanding Climate's Change on Human Evolution explores the opportunities of using scientific research to improve our understanding of how climate may have helped shape our species. Improved climate records for specific regions will be required before it is possible to evaluate how critical resources for hominins, especially water and vegetation, would have been distributed on the landscape during key intervals of hominin history. Existing records contain substantial temporal gaps. The book's initiatives are presented in two major research themes: first, determining the impacts of climate change and climate variability on human evolution and dispersal; and second, integrating climate modeling, environmental records, and biotic responses. Understanding Climate's Change on Human Evolution suggests a new scientific program for international climate and human evolution studies that involve an exploration initiative to locate new fossil sites and to broaden the geographic and temporal sampling of the fossil and archeological record; a comprehensive and integrative scientific drilling program in lakes, lake bed outcrops, and ocean basins surrounding the regions where hominins evolved and a major investment in climate modeling experiments for key time intervals and regions that are critical to understanding human evolution.

Managing Water Resources

Methods and Tools for a Systems Approach
Author: Slobodan P. Simonović
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1844075532
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 640
View: 1947

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Water resources management is increasingly interdisciplinary and must take into account complex socioeconomic factors and environmental variables. This book describes the 'systems approach' and its application to contemporary water resources management, focusing on three main sets of tools: simulation, optimization and multi-objective analysis. This approach is presented within the context of sustainable planning and development under conditions of uncertainty. The publication introduces system dynamic simulation as a tool for integrated modeling and contains coverage of the use of fuzzy sets for incorporating objective and subjective uncertainties. It combines theory with many practical examples, as well as including programs and exercises on an accompanying CD-ROM. It composes both an advanced text for students of water resources and civil or environmental engineering and a practical guide for professionals.--Publisher's description.

Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals:

Eighth Edition
Author: Committee for the Update of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309154006
Category: Science
Page: 248
View: 7171

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A respected resource for decades, the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals has been updated by a committee of experts, taking into consideration input from the scientific and laboratory animal communities and the public at large. The Guide incorporates new scientific information on common laboratory animals, including aquatic species, and includes extensive references. It is organized around major components of animal use: Key concepts of animal care and use. The Guide sets the framework for the humane care and use of laboratory animals. Animal care and use program. The Guide discusses the concept of a broad Program of Animal Care and Use, including roles and responsibilities of the Institutional Official, Attending Veterinarian and the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. Animal environment, husbandry, and management. A chapter on this topic is now divided into sections on terrestrial and aquatic animals and provides recommendations for housing and environment, husbandry, behavioral and population management, and more. Veterinary care. The Guide discusses veterinary care and the responsibilities of the Attending Veterinarian. It includes recommendations on animal procurement and transportation, preventive medicine (including animal biosecurity), and clinical care and management. The Guide addresses distress and pain recognition and relief, and issues surrounding euthanasia. Physical plant. The Guide identifies design issues, providing construction guidelines for functional areas; considerations such as drainage, vibration and noise control, and environmental monitoring; and specialized facilities for animal housing and research needs. The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals provides a framework for the judgments required in the management of animal facilities. This updated and expanded resource of proven value will be important to scientists and researchers, veterinarians, animal care personnel, facilities managers, institutional administrators, policy makers involved in research issues, and animal welfare advocates.

Experimental Methods in Wastewater Treatment


Author: Mark C. M. van Loosdrecht,Per Halkjaer Nielsen,C. M. Lopez-Vazquez,Damir Brdjanovic
Publisher: IWA Publishing
ISBN: 1780404743
Category: Science
Page: 360
View: 1762

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Over the past twenty years, the knowledge and understanding of wastewater treatment has advanced extensively and moved away from empirically based approaches to a fundamentally-based first principles approach embracing chemistry, microbiology, and physical and bioprocess engineering, often involving experimental laboratory work and techniques. Many of these experimental methods and techniques have matured to the degree that they have been accepted as reliable tools in wastewater treatment research and practice. For sector professionals, especially a new generation of young scientists and engineers entering the wastewater treatment profession, the quantity, complexity and diversity of these new developments can be overwhelming, particularly in developing countries where access to advanced level laboratory courses in wastewater treatment is not readily available. In addition, information on innovative experimental methods is scattered across scientific literature and only partially available in the form of textbooks or guidelines. This book seeks to address these deficiencies. It assembles and integrates the innovative experimental methods developed by research groups and practitioners around the world. Experimental Methods in Wastewater Treatment forms part of the internet-based curriculum in wastewater treatment at UNESCO-IHE and, as such, may also be used together with video records of experimental methods performed and narrated by the authors including guidelines on what to do and what not to do. The book is written for undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers, laboratory staff, plant operators, consultants, and other sector professionals.

Water Quality Modelling for Rivers and Streams


Author: Marcello Benedini,George Tsakiris
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400755090
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 2437

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The main objective of the Water Framework Directive in the European countries is to achieve a “good status” of all the water bodies, in the integrated management of river basins. In order to assess the impact of improvement measures, water quality models are necessary. During the previous decades the progress in computer technology and computational methods has supported the development of advanced mathematical models for pollutant transport in rivers and streams. This book is intended to provide the fundamental knowledge needed for a deeper understanding of these models and the development of new ones, which will fulfil future quality requirements in water resources management. This book focuses on the fundamentals of computational techniques required in water quality modelling. Advection, dispersion and concentrated sources or sinks of contaminants lead to the formulation of the fundamental differential equation of pollutant transport. Its integration, according to appropriate initial and boundary conditions and with the knowledge of the velocity field, allows for pollutant behaviour to be assessed in the entire water body. An analytical integration is convenient only in one-dimensional approach with considerable simplification. Integration in the numerical field is useful for taking into account particular aspects of water body and pollutants. To ensure their reliability, the models require accurate calibration and validation, based on proper data, taken from direct measurements. In addition, sensitivity and uncertainty analysis are also of utmost importance. All the above items are discussed in detail in the 21 chapters of the book, which is written in a didactic form for professionals and students.

ICES Zooplankton Methodology Manual


Author: Roger Harris,Peter Wiebe,Jurgen Lenz,Hein-Rune Skjoldal,Mark Huntley
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080495338
Category: Science
Page: 684
View: 2672

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The term "zooplankton" describes the community of floating, often microscopic, animals that inhabit aquatic environments. Being near the base of the food chain, they serve as food for larger animals, such as fish. The ICES (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea) Zooplankton Methodology Manual provides comprehensive coverage of modern techniques in zooplankton ecology written by a group of international experts. Chapters include sampling, acoustic and optical methods, estimation of feeding, growth, reproduction and metabolism, and up-to-date treatment of population genetics and modeling. This book will be a key reference work for marine scientists throughout the world. Sampling and experimental design Collecting zooplankton Techniques for assessing biomass and abundance Protozooplankton enumeration and biomass estimation New optical and acoustic techniques for estimating zooplankton biomass and abundance Methods for measuring zooplankton feeding, growth, reproduction and metabolism Population genetic analysis of zooplankton Modelling zooplankton dynamics This unique and comprehensive reference work will be essential reading for marine and freshwater research scientists and graduates entering the field.

Ethical Engineering for International Development and Environmental Sustainability


Author: Marion Hersh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1447166183
Category: Science
Page: 391
View: 7343

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Ensuring that their work has a positive influence on society is a responsibility and a privilege for engineers, but also a considerable challenge. This book addresses the ways in which engineers meet this challenge, working from the assumption that for a project to be truly ethical both the undertaking itself and its implementation must be ethically sound. The contributors discuss varied topics from an international and interdisciplinary perspective, including l robot ethics; l outer space; l international development; l internet privacy and security; l green branding; l arms conversion; l green employment; and l deliberate misinformation about climate change Important questions are answered, such as l what is meant by engineering ethics and its practical implications; l how decisions made by engineers in their working lives make an impact at the global as well as the local level; and l what ethics-related questions should be asked before making such decisions. Ethical Engineering for International Development and Environmental Sustainability will be a valuable resource for practising and student engineers as well as all who are interested in professional ethics, especially as it relates to engineering. Researchers and policy makers concerned with the effects of engineering decisions on environmental sustainability and international stability will find this book to be of special interest.

Biological Oceanographic Processes


Author: Timothy R. Parsons,M. Takahashi,B. Hargrave
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483286177
Category: Science
Page: 344
View: 5911

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This revised edition of a popular textbook is written for students, physical oceanographers, engineers, hydrologists, fisheries experts and a number of other professionals who require quantitative expressions of biological oceanographic phenomena. It is designed to lead the reader, step by step, through a progression from the distribution of marine organisms, to discussions on trophic relations, to a final chapter on some practical applications of biological oceanography to fisheries and pollution problems. The book covers subject matter in the pelagic and benthic environments, and is intended to bridge the gap between entirely descriptive oceanography texts and works on the mathematical modelling of marine ecosystems.

Methods for the Study of Marine Benthos


Author: Anastasios Eleftheriou,Alasdair McIntyre
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470995114
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 440
View: 9163

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Ecosystems of the benthic environment are a sensitive index to ecological change, and as such demand long-term and effective monitoring. Methods for the Study of Marine Benthos provides comprehensive information on the tools and techniques available to those working in areas where the declining health of the sea, depletion of marine resources and the biodiversity of marine life are major concerns. In response to the need for increasingly detailed information on bottom-living communities, this fully revised new edition offers: Contributions from a broad range of internationally recognised experts New information for those compiling environmental impact statements, pollution assessments and working with eco-system management Two separate chapters on Imaging Techniques and Diving Systems A vital tool for all marine and environmental scientists, ecologists, fisheries workers and oceanographers, libraries in all universities and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught will find this book a valuable addition to their shelves.

Biomaterials and Medical Devices

A Perspective from an Emerging Country
Author: Ferdiansyah Mahyudin,Hendra Hermawan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319148451
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 242
View: 7380

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This book presents an introduction to biomaterials with the focus on the current development and future direction of biomaterials and medical devices research and development in Indonesia. It is the first biomaterials book written by selected academic and clinical experts experts on biomaterials and medical devices from various institutions and industries in Indonesia. It serves as a reference source for researchers starting new projects, for companies developing and marketing products and for governments setting new policies. Chapter one covers the fundamentals of biomaterials, types of biomaterials, their structures and properties and the relationship between them. Chapter two discusses unconventional processing of biomaterials including nano-hybrid organic-inorganic biomaterials. Chapter three addresses biocompatibility issues including in vitro cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, in vitro cell models, biocompatibility data and its related failure. Chapter four describes degradable biomaterial for medical implants, which include biodegradable polymers, biodegradable metals, degradation assessment techniques and future directions. Chapter five focuses on animal models for biomaterial research, ethics, care and use, implantation study and monitoring and studies on medical implants in animals in Indonesia. Chapter six covers biomimetic bioceramics, natural-based biocomposites and the latest research on natural-based biomaterials in Indonesia. Chapter seven describes recent advances in natural biomaterial from human and animal tissue, its processing and applications. Chapter eight discusses orthopedic applications of biomaterials focusing on most common problems in Indonesia, and surgical intervention and implants. Chapter nine describes biomaterials in dentistry and their development in Indonesia.

Ocean Noise and Marine Mammals


Author: Committee on Potential Impacts of Ambient Noise in the Ocean on Marine Mammals,National Research Council,Ocean Studies Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309085365
Category: Science
Page: 204
View: 7994

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For the 119 species of marine mammals, as well as for some other aquatic animals, sound is the primary means of learning about the environment and of communicating, navigating, and foraging. The possibility that human-generated noise could harm marine mammals or significantly interfere with their normal activities is an issue of increasing concern. Noise and its potential impacts have been regulated since the passage of the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972. Public awareness of the issue escalated in 1990s when researchers began using high-intensity sound to measure ocean climate changes. More recently, the stranding of beaked whales in proximity to Navy sonar use has again put the issue in the spotlight. Ocean Noise and Marine Mammals reviews sources of noise in the ocean environment, what is known of the responses of marine mammals to acoustic disturbance, and what models exist for describing ocean noise and marine mammal responses. Recommendations are made for future data gathering efforts, studies of marine mammal behavior and physiology, and modeling efforts necessary to determine what the long- and short-term impacts of ocean noise on marine mammals.

Detection of Biological Agents for the Prevention of Bioterrorism


Author: Joseph Banoub
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9048198151
Category: Science
Page: 360
View: 6132

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The threat of biological and chemical terrorism has driven the demand for timely techniques that can quickly detect the agent or agents used in an attack. The detection and/or prevention of these potential security threats provide significant scientific and technical challenges due to the combination of possible agents and modes of delivery available. This book will present a thorough look at the importance and technological challenges of mass spectrometry (MS) for the detection & identification of biological and chemical threats. This new contribution’s general aims are to draw the attention of recognized practitioners, experts and graduate students trying to grasp the latest MS developments in the cutting-edge fields of MS-biodefense technologies for the rapid/early/specific sensitive threat detection of pathogens, viruses, explosives, mycotoxins, chemical agents, and biological markers of xenobiotic chemicals.

Overshoot

The Ecological Basis of Revolutionary Change
Author: William Robert Catton
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252009884
Category: Science
Page: 298
View: 6975

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Soil Management

Compost Production and Use in Tropical and Subtropical Environments
Author: H. W. Dalzell
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9789251025536
Category: Compost
Page: 177
View: 4015

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Principles of composting; Materials for composting; Practical composting processes; Uses of compost; Environmental aspects; Economic and social aspects; Education and training of farmers and extension staff.

Agroindustrial Project Analysis

Critical Design Factors
Author: James E. Austin,Economic Development Institute (Washington, D.C.)
Publisher: World Bank
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 258
View: 401

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Published for the World Bank by the Johns Hopkins University Press. Provides a field-tested analytical framework for systemically designing effective agroindustrial projects. The agroindustry has become a vital economic sector in developing countries. It not only supplies food, fiber, and exports, but also provides jobs, spurs infrastructure improvements, and advances farming and manufacturing. Agroindustrial Project Analysis has been a leading reference in this industry for more than a decade. This second edition provides a field-tested analytical framework for designing effective agroindustrial projects. The framework includes the latest technical and managerial advances and presents a detailed conceptual approach that is used throughout the book. Expanded chapters examine three main agroindustrial activities: procuring raw materials, processing, and marketing. The author uses field examples and current analyses to show what factors can make a project succeed or fail. A new glossary of biotechnology terms has been added, along with updated information on the costs and operating features common to food-processing technologies. This book has been written for private agribusiness managers, officials in the public sector, and analysts in development agencies. Because both agriculture and industry are examined, investors familiar with one of these areas will gain a more comprehensive understanding of the agroindustrial sector.