A Handbook of Food Packaging

Author: Frank A. Paine,Heather Y. Paine
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461528100
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 497
View: 2868

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This is the second edition of a successful title first published in 1983 and now therefore a decade out of date. The authors consider the development of the right package for a particular food in a particular market, from the point of view of the food technologist, the packaging engineer and those concerned with marketing. While the original format has been retained, the contents have been thoroughly revised to take account of the considerable advances made in recent years in the techniques of food processing, packaging and distribution. While efficient packaging is even more a necessity for every kind of food, whether fresh or processed, and is an essential link between the food producer and the consumer, the emphasis on its several functions has changed. Its basic function is to identify the product and ensure that it travels safely through the distribution system to the consumer. Packaging designed and constructed solely for this purpose adds little or nothing to the value of the product, merely preserving farm or processor freshness or preventing physical damage, and cost effectiveness is the sole criterion for success. If, however, the packaging facilitates the use of the product, is reusable or has an after-use, some extra value can be added to justify the extra cost and promote sales. Many examples of packaging providing such extra value can be cited over the last decade.

Plastic Films in Food Packaging

Materials, Technology and Applications
Author: Sina Ebnesajjad
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1455731153
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 384
View: 3209

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The value of the groceries purchases in the USA is over $500 billion annually, most of which is accounted for by packaged foods. Plastic packaging of foods is not only ubiquitous in developed economies, but increasingly commonplace in the developing world, where plastic packaging is instrumental in decreasing the proportion of the food supply lost to spoilage. This new handbook is a combination of new material and updated chapters, chosen by Dr. Sina Ebnesajjad, from recently published books on this subject. Plastic Films in Food Packaging offers a practical handbook for engineers, scientists and managers working in the food packaging industry, providing a tailor-made package of science and engineering fundamentals, best practice techniques and guidance on new and emerging technologies. By covering materials, design, packaging processes, machinery and waste management together in one book, the authors enable the reader to take a lifecycle approach to food packaging. The Handbook addresses questions related to film grades, types of packages for different types of foods, packaging technologies, machinery and waste management. Additionally the book provides a review of new and emerging technologies. Two chapters cover the development of barrier films for food packaging and the regulatory and safety aspects of food packaging. Essential information and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working at all stages of the food packaging lifecycle: from design through manufacture to recycling Includes key published material on plastic films in food packaging, updated specifically for this Handbook, and new material on the regulatory framework and safety aspects Coverage of materials and applications together in one handbook enables engineers and scientists to make informed design and manufacturing decisions

Food Packaging Technology Handbook (2nd Revised Edition)

Author: NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
ISBN: 9381039097
Page: 749
View: 3170

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Food packaging technology is primarily concerned with packaging activities regarding protection of food products from biological, physical or chemical agents. With the growth of modern civilization, people are getting more concerned with hygiene and quality of the food. As a result of that, food packaging is gradually setting up its stand to contend with other industries. The importance of food packaging hardly needs emphasizing since only a handful of foods are sold in an unpackaged state. Packaging is the science, art, and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use. Packaging also refers to the process of design, evaluation, and production of packages. Packaging can be described as a coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale, and end use. Packaging contains, protects, preserves, transports, informs, and sells. With an increasing focus on sustainability and cost effectiveness, responsible companies no longer want to over package their food products, yet many remain unsure just where reductions can effectively be made. In near future it is going to be a booming industry. Food packaging can functionally be subdivided into five parts, which are containment, protection, communication, functionality, environmental and safety issues. The packaging industry’s growth has led to greater specialization and sophistication from the point of view of health and environment friendliness of packing material. The demand on the packaging industry is challenging, given the increasing environmental awareness among communities. The food packaging industry is growing at the rate of 22 to 25 per cent per annum. In near future it is going to be a booming industry. This book majorly deals with food adulteration and food quality control, strategy for achieving, success in food packaging, packaging materials for processed foods, food additives, trend of carbonated and still beverage spoilage, examination of canned foods, international food packaging, standard related to food safety, aseptic packaging of foodstuffs, computer aided graphic design in food packaging, thermal process determination, designing of thermal process for low acid foods, modified atmosphere packaging etc. Along with these features the book also encloses the description of equipments and machineries used in food processing and preservation with diagrams. This book also contains photographs of equipments and machineries used in food packaging. This book gives comprehensive account of food packaging, which is the most important part to preserve the food for a long time. The present volume has been written primarily for the benefit of new entrepreneurs, technologists, technical libraries and for those who want to diversify in the field of food industry.

Handbook of Food Processing, Packaging and Labeling

Author: Jerry D'Souza,Jatin Pradhan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789380090108
Category: Food
Page: 706
View: 718

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This Handbook creates an understanding of food processing chemistry, engineering and technology, supported with select relevant case studies. An overview of food preservation and food preservatives is provided in great detail. The applied aspects of food preservation are dealt. Also, an advanced study of food additives, food irradiation and food storage is conducted. Focus lies on high pressure food preservation, curing, food dehydrator, fruit preserves, potted meat food product, jugging, drying, freeze drying, refrigeration and benefits of shaking well. Understanding food packaging and labelling in proper sense is the hallmark of this book. Study of code of hygienic practice for refrigerated packaged foods with extended shelf life in India is an additional input. The European and American guidelines with respect to food borne illness, food safety and standards are described in detail. Similarly, the regulations, claims and facts related to food labelling are covered extensively, supported with relevant case studies. An overview of global food industry, food marketing and food quality is discussed briefly. Select case studies related to food administration studies are done at global, regional and national levels. Necessary food information, food protection, food safety, food inspection and quality supervision are provided herein supported with select case studies from around the world. India's food processing industry and export worthy food sectors are also analysed. The scope of food processing industry in India, its present status and future prospects are also dealt.

Handbook of Food Techno's

Author: A Poshadri (ed),Aparna Kuna (ed)
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789381450895
Page: 780
View: 7231

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Book of combination of basic concepts, scientific depth with practical usefulness, the book carries information on: product and process development, production, quality assurance and quality control food production, processing, food chemistry, food and industrial microbiology, food process engineering food trade and business management, food additives, food preservation, food spoilage food packaging, food labeling, food legislations and regulations. It also assembles the information on food biotechnology, functional foods and nutraceuticals and top food and beverage companies in the world. This book is a compilation of the wealth of knowledge which can guide the students, who are preparing for the competitive exams, especially for GATE, P.G entrances of CFTRI, ICAR, SLIET, IICPT, NIFETM, UICT and State Agricultural University entrance examinations. It is also useful book for those preparing for ICAR, SRF and NET-ARS Exams.

Handbook of Food Process Design

Author: Shafiur Rahman,Jasim Ahmed
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 144433011X
Category: Science
Page: 1600
View: 4390

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"This book will offer a comprehensive account of the design of all major food processing systems, including both established and novel unit operations. The range of equipment available for any given process will be described, including the basic theoretical principles and modes of operation. Advantages and limitations of the equipment within various relevant parameters (such as size, processing time, cost and energy requirements) will be explained and schematic diagrams will be provided to show the stages of each process component in detail. The book also covers computer-aided design and control systems, cost considerations and cleaning and sanitation methods. Practical examples of process design scenarios will be included to help the reader in specifying and designing their own operations. All chapters will follow the following format:1. Purpose of unit operation2. What are the end products of the process?3. Process flow sheet, material and energy balances, and schematic diagram of the process and its components4. Basic theoretical principles and mode of operations.5. Different types of equipment available with their advantages and limitations. What are the parameters we need to know? For example, time, energy, size, and other factors.6. Empirical data and rules of thumb used to facilitate the various design calculations, simplified equations and shortcut methods.7. Simple equations, tables, and graphs to estimate the design parameters.8. Process control, operations and maintenance of the unit operations.9. Advanced levels of process design for complicated systems. Computer aided process/plant design.10. Cleaning and sanitation methods.11. Capital and operating cost for different size of the equipments.12. Summary and future needs.13. Worked out examples related to design"--

Handbook of Frozen Food Processing and Packaging, Second Edition

Author: Da-Wen Sun
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439836051
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 936
View: 5735

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Consumer demand for a year-round supply of seasonal produce and ready-made meals remains the driving force behind innovation in frozen food technology. Now in its second edition, Handbook of Frozen Food Processing and Packaging explores the art and science of frozen foods and assembles essential data and references relied upon by scientists in universities and research institutions. Highlights in the Second Edition include: Original chapters revised and updated with the latest developments New section on Emerging Technologies in Food Freezing, with chapters on ultrasound accelerated freezing, high-pressure shift freezing, electrostatic field-assisted food freezing, and antifreeze proteins New section on Trends in Frozen Food Packaging, with chapters on active packaging, intelligent packaging, vacuum packaging, and edible coatings and films and their applications on frozen foods This volume continues the tradition of the benchmark first edition, capturing the latest developments on the cutting edge of frozen food science. In addition to updated coverage of quality and safety issues and monitoring and measuring techniques, it highlights emerging technologies and trends, all in the format that made the previous edition so popular. It offers the tools needed to develop new and better products, keeping up with consumer demand for safe and convenient frozen foods.

Handbook of Food Preservation, Second Edition

Author: M. Shafiur Rahman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420017373
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1088
View: 6526

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The processing of food is no longer simple or straightforward, but is now a highly inter-disciplinary science. A number of new techniques have developed to extend shelf-life, minimize risk, protect the environment, and improve functional, sensory, and nutritional properties. The ever-increasing number of food products and preservation techniques creates a great demand for an up to date handbook that will facilitate understanding of the methods, technology, and science involved in the manipulation of these conventional and sophisticated preservation methods. Extensively revised, reorganized, and expanded from 25 to 44 chapters, the Handbook of Food Preservation, Second Edition remains the definitive resource on food preservation. It emphasizes practical, cost-effective, and safe-strategies for implementing preservation techniques and dissects the exact mode or mechanism involved in each method by highlighting the effects on food properties. Divided into five sections the book begins with an overview of food preservation and handling including fresh fruits and vegetables, grains and pulses, fish, red meat, and milk. It presents comprehensive preservation methods based on chemical and microbiological additives, such as fermentation and pH lowering agents. The book details methods of physical manipulation involving modified-atmosphere packaging, membrane technology, surface treatment, and edible coating. There is also an extensive description of preservation methods using thermal and other energy such as irradiation, high-pressure, and pulsed electric or magnetic fields. Finally, the book presents a range of indirect approaches to improve quality and safety and good manufacturing practices. Containing fundamental and practical aspects of today's current and emerging preservation methods, the Handbook of Food Preservation, Second Edition helps practicing industrial and academic food scientists, technologists, and engineers develop high-quality, safe products through better understanding and control of the processes.

Food Packaging and Preservation

Author: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu,Alina Maria Holban
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128112654
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 588
View: 1588

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Food Packaging and Preservation, Volume 9 in the Handbook of Food Bioengineering series, explores recent approaches to preserving and prolonging safe use of food products while also maintaining the properties of fresh foods. This volume contains valuable information and novel ideas regarding recently investigated packaging techniques and their implications on food bioengineering. In addition, classical and modern packaging materials and the impact of materials science on the development of smart packaging approaches are discussed. This book is a one-stop-shop for anyone in the food industry seeking to understand how bioengineering can foster research and innovation. Presents cutting technologies and approaches utilized in current and future food preservation for both food and beverages Offers research methods for the creation of novel preservatives and packaging materials to improve the quality and lifespan of preserved foods Features techniques to ensure the safe use of foods for longer periods of time Provides solutions of antimicrobial films and coatings for food packaging applications to enhance food safety and quality

Emerging Food Packaging Technologies

Principles and Practice
Author: Kit L Yam,Dong Sun Lee
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095668
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 512
View: 6879

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The successful employment of food packaging can greatly improve product safety and quality, making the area a key concern to the food processing industry. Emerging food packaging technologies reviews advances in packaging materials, the design and implementation of smart packaging techniques, and developments in response to growing concerns about packaging sustainability. Part one of Emerging food packaging technologies focuses on developments in active packaging, reviewing controlled release packaging, active antimicrobials and nanocomposites in packaging, and edible chitosan coatings. Part two goes on to consider intelligent packaging and how advances in the consumer/packaging interface can improve food safety and quality. Developments in packaging material are analysed in part three, with nanocomposites, emerging coating technologies, light-protective and non-thermal process packaging discussed, alongside a consideration of the safety of plastics as food packaging materials. Finally, part four explores the use of eco-design, life cycle assessment, and the utilisation of bio-based polymers in the production of smarter, environmentally-compatible packaging. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Emerging food packaging technologies is an indispensable reference work for all those responsible for the design, production and use of food and beverage packaging, as well as a key source for researchers in this area. Reviews advances in packaging materials, the design and implementation of smart packaging techniques, and developments in response to growing concerns about packaging sustainability Considers intelligent packaging and how advances in the consumer/packaging interface can improve food safety and quality Examines developments in packaging materials, nanocomposites, emerging coating technologies, light-protective and non-thermal process packaging and the safety of plastics as food packaging materials

Handbook of Food Packaging Chemicals and Materials

Author: Michael Ash
Publisher: Synapse Information Resources Incorporated
ISBN: 9781890595111
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1048
View: 1039

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This reference is a comprehensive source of information on more than 6500 trade name and generic chemicals/materials used in the packaging, holding, manufacturing, processing and treating of foods. Find Food Packaging Components that function as:Accelerators; Activators; Adhesive chemicals; Adjuvants; Anifogging agents; Antimicrobial agents; Antioxidants; Antiozonants Antistats Binders; Blowing agents; Bonding agents; Catalysts; Chelating agents Clarifiers; Colorants/Inks/Pigments Corrosion inhibitors; Crosslinking agents; Curing agents; Defoamers; Deposit control additive Dispersants; Drainage aids; Driers Dry-strength agents; Elastomers Emulsifiers; Emulsion stabilizers; Extrusion aids; Fiber retention aids; Fibers; Fillers; FlocculantsFormation aids; Impregnants; Insolubilizers; Lubricants; Microbicides; Oil repellents; Optical brighteners; Pigment dispersants Pigment extenders; Pigment structuring agent; Plasticizers; Polymerization inhibitors; Polymers/Copolymers; Preservatives Production aids; Pulping aids; Release agents; Resins; Retarders; Retention aids; Rosins; Rubber; Sanitizers; Scale inhibitors Sizing agents; Slimicides; Slip aids; Solvents; Stabilizers; Starch modifiers; Strength additives; Surfactants; Thickeners Vulcanizing agents; Water repellents; Waxes; Wet strength agents; Wetting agents. In these types of food packaging applications:Bags; Bottles; Cans; Cartons; Containers; Drums; Food Transport; Films/Wraps/Foils; Molded ContainersPackaging Adhesives and Coatings; Paper/Paperboard Containers; Textile Containers.

Bio-based Plastics for Food Packaging Applications

Author: Vimal Katiyar
Publisher: Smithers Pira
ISBN: 1910242594
Category: Science
Page: 276
View: 6877

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This book discusses the development of bio-based plastics and associated nanocomposites in order to achieve targeted structural morphologies, and physical and chemical properties for use in food-packaging applications. In line with bio-based and/or biodegradable plastic matrices, the current status of the development of multifaceted bionanofillers is also explored in detail.This book begins by addressing the past, present and future prospects of bio-based and/or biodegradable polymers in specific food-packaging applications, and the importance and advantages of such packaging over fossil polymer-based packaging materials. Furthermore, this book also examines the current commercial overview of bio-based and/or biodegradable polymers and nanocomposites, and the structure-property relationship required for various advanced applications.Individual chapters detail bio-based polymers, bio-derived and microbial-derived plastics, which include exclusive investigations on the most promising polymers, such as polylactic acid (PLA) and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), and their bionanocomposites, for food-packaging applications. Detailed discussions highlight the various properties of polymers for food-packaging applications including bio-based and/or biodegradable polymers and nanocomposites. The processing of blends using bio-based and/or biodegradable polymers and non-degradable polymers for food-packaging applications are also featured.In addition, extensive discussions include different edible biopolymer-based coatings on food items which can act as effective carriers for improving the shelf life of food. Moreover, various end-of-life solutions of plastics such as recycling, reuse, composting and so on, for the safe disposal of plastic waste are reviewed. Finally, this book discusses migration studies, and safety legislation and regulations of such packages in contact with food, which are currently being performed by various organisations across the world. Throughout the book, detailed case studies are included on sustainable polymers, and associated nanocomposites, along with different perspectives on their industrial applications, and critical challenges and opportunities for developing biopolymer nanocomposites for food-packaging applications.

Innovations in Food Packaging

Author: Jung H. Han
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080455174
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 503
View: 5255

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Innovations in Food Packaging addresses selective topics of functions of food packaging to modify the traditional notion of this process. This book is organized into five parts. Part I focuses on the fundamental theories covering physical chemistry background and quality preservation of foods. Parts II and III discuss active packaging research and development and modified atmosphere packaging of fresh produce, meats, and ready-to-eat products, respectively. Part IV talks about edible and biodegradable coatings and films, whereas Part V discusses commercialization aspects of packaging technologies. Each part is divided into chapters of subject review and detailed technical information. This text will benefit those who are interested in innovative technology of food packaging in general, and experienced field packaging specialists and graduate-level food scientists in particular. This book will be useful as a textbook not only for extension programs of food packaging development in food industry, but also for advanced graduate-level food packaging courses. Covers four major food packaging topics: * Theories in food packaging * Active packaging * Modified atmosphere packaging * Edible films and coatings

Handbook on Modern Packaging Industries (2nd Revised Edition)

Author: NIIR Board
ISBN: 8178330865
Category: Container industry
Page: 848
View: 321

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Packaging is a means of ensuring the safe delivery of a product to the ultimate consumer in a sound condition at the minimal overall cost. Packaging not only differentiates one brand from another but also, at times, gives a preview of the product being sold. Although it is a subject of recent technological origin, the art of packaging is a sold as the primitative humans. Packaging is the science, art, and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use, also refers to the process of design, evaluation, and production of packages and can be described as a coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale, and end use. Packaging contains, protects, preserves, transports, informs, and sells. In many countries it is fully integrated into government, business, institutional, industrial, and personal use. The continual technological growth systems have undergone significant changes in recent years. A lot of packaging process has been streamlined to give a more scientific and rational approach. The role of packaging continues from the coordinated system of preparing goods to the end use. It has become a big tool for launching new specific products in different shapes and sizes. The packaging industrial growth has led to greater specialization and sophistication from the point of view of health (in the case of packaged foods and medicines) and environment friendliness of packing material. The demands on the packaging industry are challenging, given the increasing environmental awareness among communities. The packaging industry is growing at the rate of 22 to 25 per cent per annum thus is to play a unique role in preserving the wealth or value created by many industries. This book describes the techniques and process behind packaging of different specific products which are used in our day to day life. The specific products include cereal, spices, edible oils, drinking water, chocolate and confectionery, fruits and vegetables, marine products and many more. Some of the vital contents of the book are adhesives for packaging industries, factors affecting adhesion, tin plate containers for foods, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, tin plate usage in packaging, packaging of cereals and cereal products, trends in packaging of spices and spice products, packaging of edible oils, vanaspati and ghee, metal containers for food packaging, packaging aspects of sugar and chocolate confectionery, packaging for irradiated foods, packing of meat & meat products in tin containers etc. This book is an invaluable resource for all its readers, entrepreneurs, scientists, existing industries, technical institution, etc in the field of packaging.

Food Packaging and Shelf Life

A Practical Guide
Author: Gordon L. Robertson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420078459
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 404
View: 3182

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The importance of food packaging hardly needs emphasizing since only a handful of foods are sold in an unpackaged state. With an increasing focus on sustainability and cost-effectiveness, responsible companies no longer want to over-package their food products, yet many remain unsure just where reductions can effectively be made. Food Packaging and Shelf Life: A Practical Guide provides package developers with the information they need to specify just the right amount of protective packaging to maintain food quality and maximize shelf life. Current food packaging must take into consideration the biochemical, chemical, physical, and biological changes that occur during processing, distribution, and storage. Organized according to chapters devoted to specific food products, this practical handbook defines the indices of failure for foods as diverse as milk, fruits, bottled water, juices, vegetables, fish, and beef. It discusses the deteriorative reactions for each food and reviews how different packaging materials may influence time to failure and thus shelf life. Other topics included biobased packaging, packaging and the microbial shelf life of foods, and shelf life testing methodology. The author maintains a website with more information.

Biopolymers for Food Design

Author: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu,Alina Maria Holban
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128115017
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 536
View: 6355

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Biopolymers for Food Design, Volume 20 in the Handbook of Bioengineering series, describes how biopolymers have made a major impact in the food industry, from food design, to food control and safety. Biopolymers can be used in the development of novel nutritional alternatives, to replace difficult to obtain food products, or for foods inaccessible or inappropriate for a particular population (i.e. allergic to specific components). In addition, some polymers can be used as functional ingredients, and can also represent efficient scaffolds for food ingredients with therapeutic values. This valuable reference is ideal for those looking for new solutions for the food industry. Presents common biopolymers and their applications in food bioengineering, from food design, to control and safety Identifies how the use of certain biopolymers can result in faster production time and reduced costs Includes cutting-edge technologies used in research for food design and other food-related applications Discusses the use of biopolymers in food packaging, shelf-life extension, and the creation of novel food products

Handbook of Food Science, Technology, and Engineering - 4 Volume Set

Author: Y. H. Hui,Frank Sherkat
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 146650787X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 3632
View: 7791

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Advances in food science, technology, and engineering are occurring at such a rapid rate that obtaining current, detailed information is challenging at best. While almost everyone engaged in these disciplines has accumulated a vast variety of data over time, an organized, comprehensive resource containing this data would be invaluable to have. The Handbook of Food Science, Technology, and Engineering, 4 Volume Set is that resource, presenting the latest information available in a thorough, straightforward format.

Handbook of Food Analysis: Residues and other food component analysis

Author: Leo M. L. Nollet
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824750374
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 2226
View: 7784

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Thoroughly updated to accommodate recent research and state-of-the-art technologies impacting the field, Volume 2: Residues and Other Food Component Analysis of this celebrated 3 volume reference compiles modern methods for the detection of residues in foods from pesticides, herbicides, antibacterials, food packaging, and other sources. Volume 2 evaluates methods for: establishing the presence of mycotoxins and phycotoxins identifying growth promoters and residual antibacterials tracking residues left by fungicides and herbicides discerning carbamate and urea pesticide residues confirming residual amounts of organochlorine and organophosphate pesticides detecting dioxin, polychlorobiphenyl (PCB), and dioxin-like PCB residues ascertaining n-nitroso compounds and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons tracing metal contaminants in foodstuffs

Handbook of Food Engineering, Second Edition

Author: Dennis R. Heldman,Daryl B. Lund,Christina Sabliov
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420014374
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1040
View: 8443

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As the demand for safe, nutritious, convenient foods continues to rise, and the capabilities of molecular biology and nutritional biochemistry continue to expand, the need for up-to-date engineering information becomes ever more critical. The application of innovative engineering concepts enables scientific breakthroughs to be utilized in the manufacture of the highest quality food products at the lowest possible cost. Handbook of Food Engineering, Second Edition assembles the most recent information available for the efficient design and development of processes used in the manufacturing of food products, along with traditional background and fundamental information. In keeping with the comprehensive and informative style of the original, this second edition focuses on the thermophysical properties of food and the rate constants of change in food components during processing. It highlights the use of these properties and constants in process design. Beginning with a review of the properties of food and food ingredients and the traditional unit operations associated with food manufacture, the book moves on to discuss specific points associated with freezing, concentration, dehydration, thermal processing, and extrusion. Key chapters cover basic concepts of the transport and storage of liquids and solids, as well as important topics in packaging, cleaning, and sanitation. New information on membrane processes addresses not only liquid concentration, but also other applications for membranes in food processing. The chapters on mass transfer in foods and food packaging have been extensively revised. Delineating the concepts of engineering as they are applied to the latest advancements in food manufacture, Handbook of Food Engineering, Second Edition contributes to the evolution of food engineering as an interface between engineering and other food sciences.

Packaging of Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare Products

Author: Frank A. Paine,H. Lockhart
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461521254
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 211
View: 9293

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As was the case with Charles Ross's Packaging of Pharmaceuticals published by the UK Institute of Packaging in 1975 it is assumed that the reader of this book already has a broad understanding of the basics of packaging. If not the Packaging Users Handbook and the Handbook of Food Packaging are recommended. The packaging needs of pharmaceuticals are different in degree only from those of other perishable products such as processed foods. Because the required action of a medication can be nullified by any deterioration in its active principles the protection required from its packaging is at least an order of magnitude greater than that needed by foods for example. Functional efficiency is therefore of prime importance. Conversely the need for the packaging to 'sell' the medication is much less, hence the graphics required need only provide the right 'image' for the product when presented for use in hospital or surgery. Even when on sale at the pharmacy the 'appeal' required is that of providing hygiene and confidence more than anything else. Thus, the textual requirements are paramount including traceability (batch numbers, date-coding etc) in case of recall; while striking appearance to attract customer attention is in lower key. And with the increase in malicious tampering nowadays recall is more frequent.