A First Course in Mathematical Physics

Author: Colm T. Whelan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527413332
Category: Science
Page: 336
View: 8210

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The book assumes next to no prior knowledge of the topic. The first part introduces the core mathematics, always in conjunction with the physical context. In the second part of the book, a series of examples showcases some of the more conceptually advanced areas of physics, the presentation of which draws on the developments in the first part. A large number of problems helps students to hone their skills in using the presented mathematical methods. Solutions to the problems are available to instructors on an associated password-protected website for lecturers.

Mathematische Physik: Klassische Mechanik

Author: Andreas Knauf
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662557762
Category: Science
Page: 652
View: 6842

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Als Grenztheorie der Quantenmechanik besitzt die klassische Dynamik einen großen Formenreichtum – vom gut berechenbaren bis zum chaotischen Verhalten. Ausgehend von interessanten Beispielen wird in dem Band nicht nur eine gelungene Auswahl grundlegender Themen vermittelt, sondern auch der Einstieg in viele aktuelle Forschungsgebiete im Bereich der klassischen Mechanik. Didaktisch geschickt aufgebaut und mit hilfreichen Anhängen versehen, werden lediglich Kenntnisse der Grundvorlesungen in Mathematik vorausgesetzt. Mit über 100 Aufgaben und Lösungen.

Understanding Physics

Author: Michael Mansfield,Colm O'Sullivan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470746386
Category: Science
Page: 680
View: 7877

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Understanding Physics – Second edition is a comprehensive, yet compact, introductory physics textbook aimed at physics undergraduates and also at engineers and other scientists taking a general physics course. Written with today's students in mind, this text covers the core material required by an introductory course in a clear and refreshing way. A second colour is used throughout to enhance learning and understanding. Each topic is introduced from first principles so that the text is suitable for students without a prior background in physics. At the same time the book is designed to enable students to proceed easily to subsequent courses in physics and may be used to support such courses. Mathematical methods (in particular, calculus and vector analysis) are introduced within the text as the need arises and are presented in the context of the physical problems which they are used to analyse. Particular aims of the book are to demonstrate to students that the easiest, most concise and least ambiguous way to express and describe phenomena in physics is by using the language of mathematics and that, at this level, the total amount of mathematics required is neither large nor particularly demanding. ‘Modern physics' topics (relativity and quantum mechanics) are introduced at an earlier stage than is usually found in introductory textbooks and are integrated with the more 'classical' material from which they have evolved. This book encourages students to develop an intuition for relativistic and quantum concepts at as early a stage as is practicable. The text takes a reflective approach towards the scientific method at all stages and, in keeping with the title of the text, emphasis is placed on understanding of, and insight into, the material presented.

A Course in Mathematical Physics 1 and 2

Classical Dynamical Systems and Classical Field Theory
Author: Walter Thirring
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468405179
Category: Science
Page: 261
View: 5497

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The last decade has seen a considerable renaissance in the realm of classical dynamical systems, and many things that may have appeared mathematically overly sophisticated at the time of the first appearance of this textbook have since become the everyday tools of working physicists. This new edition is intended to take this development into account. I have also tried to make the book more readable and to eradicate errors. Since the first edition already contained plenty of material for a one semester course, new material was added only when some of the original could be dropped or simplified. Even so, it was necessary to expand the chap ter with the proof of the K-A-M Theorem to make allowances for the cur rent trend in physics. This involved not only the use of more refined mathe matical tools, but also a reevaluation of the word "fundamental. " What was earlier dismissed as a grubby calculation is now seen as the consequence of a deep principle. Even Kepler's laws, which determine the radii of the planetary orbits, and which used to be passed over in silence as mystical nonsense, seem to point the way to a truth unattainable by superficial observation: The ratios of the radii of Platonic solids to the radii of inscribed Platonic solids are irrational, but satisfy algebraic equations of lower order.

A First Course on Wavelets

Author: Eugenio Hernandez,Guido Weiss
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420049985
Category: Mathematics
Page: 489
View: 2048

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Wavelet theory had its origin in quantum field theory, signal analysis, and function space theory. In these areas wavelet-like algorithms replace the classical Fourier-type expansion of a function. This unique new book is an excellent introduction to the basic properties of wavelets, from background math to powerful applications. The authors provide elementary methods for constructing wavelets, and illustrate several new classes of wavelets. The text begins with a description of local sine and cosine bases that have been shown to be very effective in applications. Very little mathematical background is needed to follow this material. A complete treatment of band-limited wavelets follows. These are characterized by some elementary equations, allowing the authors to introduce many new wavelets. Next, the idea of multiresolution analysis (MRA) is developed, and the authors include simplified presentations of previous studies, particularly for compactly supported wavelets. Some of the topics treated include: Several bases generated by a single function via translations and dilations Multiresolution analysis, compactly supported wavelets, and spline wavelets Band-limited wavelets Unconditionality of wavelet bases Characterizations of many of the principal objects in the theory of wavelets, such as low-pass filters and scaling functions The authors also present the basic philosophy that all orthonormal wavelets are completely characterized by two simple equations, and that most properties and constructions of wavelets can be developed using these two equations. Material related to applications is provided, and constructions of splines wavelets are presented. Mathematicians, engineers, physicists, and anyone with a mathematical background will find this to be an important text for furthering their studies on wavelets.

Computational Physics

Problem Solving with Python
Author: Rubin H. Landau,Manuel J. Páez,Cristian C. Bordeianu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527413154
Category: Science
Page: 644
View: 3508

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The use of computation and simulation has become an essential part of the scientific process. Being able to transform a theory into an algorithm requires significant theoretical insight, detailed physical and mathematical understanding, and a working level of competency in programming. This upper-division text provides an unusually broad survey of the topics of modern computational physics from a multidisciplinary, computational science point of view. Its philosophy is rooted in learning by doing (assisted by many model programs), with new scientific materials as well as with the Python programming language. Python has become very popular, particularly for physics education and large scientific projects. It is probably the easiest programming language to learn for beginners, yet is also used for mainstream scientific computing, and has packages for excellent graphics and even symbolic manipulations. The text is designed for an upper-level undergraduate or beginning graduate course and provides the reader with the essential knowledge to understand computational tools and mathematical methods well enough to be successful. As part of the teaching of using computers to solve scientific problems, the reader is encouraged to work through a sample problem stated at the beginning of each chapter or unit, which involves studying the text, writing, debugging and running programs, visualizing the results, and the expressing in words what has been done and what can be concluded. Then there are exercises and problems at the end of each chapter for the reader to work on their own (with model programs given for that purpose). The text could be used for a one-semester course on scientific computing. The relevant topics for that are covered in the first third of the book. The latter two-thirds of the text includes more physics and can be used for a two-semester course in computational physics, covering nonlinear ODEs, Chaotic Scattering, Fourier Analysis, Wavelet Analysis, Nonlinear Maps, Chaotic systems, Fractals and Parallel Computing. The e-book extends the paper version by including many codes, visualizations and applets, as well as links to video lectures. * A table at the beginning of each chapter indicates video lectures, slides, applets and animations. * Applets illustrate the results to be expected for projects in the book, and to help understand some abstract concepts (e.g. Chaotic Scattering) * The eBook's figures, equations, sections, chapters, index, table of contents, code listings, glossary, animations and executable codes (both Applets and Python programs) are linked, much like in a Web document. * Some equations are linked to their xml forms (which can be imported into Maple or Mathematica for manipulation). * The e-book will link to video-based lecture modules, held by principal author Professor Rubin Landau, that cover most every topic in the book.

Nanophysik und Nanotechnologie

Eine Einführung in die Konzepte der Nanowissenschaft
Author: Edward L. Wolf
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527687386
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 328
View: 8614

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Noch hat das Motto “Alles muss kleiner werden” nicht an Faszination verloren. Physikern, Ingenieuren und Medizinern erschließt sich mit der Nanotechnologie eine neue Welt mit faszinierenden Anwendungen. E.L. Wolf, Physik-Professor in Brooklyn, N.Y., schrieb das erste einführende Lehrbuch zu diesem Thema, in dem er die physikalischen Grundlagen ebenso wie die Anwendungsmöglichkeiten der Nanotechnologie diskutiert. Mittlerweile ist es in der 3. Aufl age erschienen und liegt jetzt endlich auch auf Deutsch vor. Dieses Lehrbuch bietet eine einzigartige, in sich geschlossene Einführung in die physikalischen Grundlagen und Konzepte der Nanowissenschaften sowie Anwendungen von Nanosystemen. Das Themenspektrum reicht von Nanosystemen über Quanteneff ekte und sich selbst organisierende Strukturen bis hin zu Rastersondenmethoden. Besonders die Vorstellung von Nanomaschinen für medizinische Anwendungen ist faszinierend, wenn auch bislang noch nicht praktisch umgesetzt. Der dritten Aufl age, auf der diese Übersetzung beruht, wurde ein neuer Abschnitt über Graphen zugefügt. Die Diskussion möglicher Anwendungen in der Energietechnik, Nanoelektronik und Medizin wurde auf neuesten Stand gebracht und wieder aktuelle Beispiele herangezogen, um wichtige Konzepte und Forschungsinstrumente zu illustrieren. Der Autor führt mit diesem Lehrbuch Studenten der Physik, Chemie sowie Ingenieurwissenschaften von den Grundlagen bis auf den Stand der aktuellen Forschung. Die leicht zu lesende Einführung in dieses faszinierende Forschungsgebiet ist geeignet für fortgeschrittene Bachelor- und Masterstudenten mit Vorkenntnissen in Physik und Chemie. Stimmen zur englischen Vorauflage „Zusammenfassend ist festzustellen, dass Edward L. Wolf trotz der reichlich vorhandenen Literatur zur Nanotechnologie ein individuell gestaltetes einführendes Lehrbuch gelungen ist. Es eignet sich – nicht zuletzt dank der enthaltenen Übungsaufgaben – bestens zur Vorlesungsbegleitung für Studierende der Natur- und Ingenieurwissenschaften sowie auch spezieller nanotechnologisch orientierter Studiengänge.“ Physik Journal „... eine sehr kompakte, lesenswerte und gut verständliche Einführung in die Quantenmechanik sowie ihre Auswirkungen auf die Materialwissenschaften ...“ Chemie Ingenieur Technik

Short Calculus

The Original Edition of “A First Course in Calculus”
Author: Serge Lang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387953274
Category: Mathematics
Page: 260
View: 7066

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From the reviews "This is a reprint of the original edition of Lang’s ‘A First Course in Calculus’, which was first published in 1964....The treatment is ‘as rigorous as any mathematician would wish it’....[The exercises] are refreshingly simply stated, without any extraneous verbiage, and at times quite challenging....There are answers to all the exercises set and some supplementary problems on each topic to tax even the most able." --Mathematical Gazette

The Second Physicist

On the History of Theoretical Physics in Germany
Author: Christa Jungnickel,Russell McCormmach
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319495658
Category: Science
Page: 460
View: 8660

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This book explores the rise of theoretical physics in 19th century Germany. The authors show how the junior second physicist in German universities over time became the theoretical physicist, of equal standing to the experimental physicist. Gustav Kirchhoff, Hermann von Helmholtz, and Max Planck are among the great German theoretical physicists whose work and career are examined in this book. Physics was then the only natural science in which theoretical work developed into a major teaching and research specialty in its own right. Readers will discover how German physicists arrived at a well-defined field of theoretical physics with well understood and generally accepted goals and needs. The authors explain the nature of the work of theoretical physics with many examples, taking care always to locate the research within the workplace. The book is a revised and shortened version of Intellectual Mastery of Nature: Theoretical Physics from Ohm to Einstein, a two-volume work by the same authors. This new edition represents a reformulation of the larger work. It retains what is most important in the original work, while including new material, sharpening discussions, and making the research more accessible to readers. It presents a thorough examination of a seminal era in physics.

Ludwig Faddeev Memorial Volume: A Life In Mathematical Physics

Author: Ge Mo-lin,Niemi Antti,Phua Kok Khoo
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813233877
Category: Science
Page: 636
View: 6337

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Ludwig Faddeev is widely recognized as one of the titans of 20th century mathematical physics. His fundamental contributions to scattering theory, quantum gauge theories, and the theory of classical and quantum completely integrable systems played a key role in shaping modern mathematical physics. Ludwig Faddeev's major achievements include the solution of the three-body problem in quantum mechanics, the mathematical formulation of quantum gauge theories and corresponding Feynman rules, Hamiltonian and algebraic methods in mathematical physics, with applications to gauge theories with anomalies, quantum systems with constraints and solitons, the discovery of the algebraic structure of classical and quantum integrable systems and quantum groups, and solitons with the topology of knots. Faddeev's name is imprinted in many areas of mathematics and theoretical physics, including "Faddeev's equations" and "Faddeev's Green function" in scattering theory, "Faddeev-Popov ghosts" and "Faddeev-Popov determinant" in gauge theories, "Gardner-Faddeev-Zakharov bracket" for the KdV equation, "Faddeev-Zamolodchikov algebra" in quantum integrable systems, "Faddeev-Reshetikhin-Takhtajan construction" in the theory of quantum groups, knotted solitons in the "Skyrme-Faddeev model" and many others. Ludwig Faddeev founded the St. Petersburg school of modern mathematical physics and distinguished himself by serving the mathematics community for over three decades including his leadership of the International Mathematical Union in the period of 1986-1990. He was conferred numerous prizes and memberships of prestigious institutions in recognition of the importance of his work. These include the Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics, the Dirac Medal, the Max Planck Medal, the Shaw Prize and the Lomonosov Gold Medal among others. A gathering of contributions from some of the biggest names in mathematics and physics, this volume serves as a tribute to this legendary figure. Volume contributors include: Fields medalist Sir Michael Atiyah, Jürg Fröhlich, Roman Jackiw, Vladimir Korepin, Nikita Nekrasov, André Neveu, Alexander M Polyakov, Samson Shatashvili, Fedor Smirnov as well as Nobel laureates Frank Wilczek and C N Yang. "Ludwig and I had been good friends since the early 1970s. We had overlapping interests in several areas of physics. He was very powerful mathematically. I had written in several places that he should have shared the 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics with 't Hooft and Veltman" C N Yang, Nobel Laureate in Physics 1997 in Seoul. Faddeev with Baxter and Yang. 2005 in Tsinghua University. Left to right: Faddeev, Yang, Niemi and Ge.

The Aims of Mathematical Physics

An Inaugural Lecture Delivered Before the University of Oxford on 19 November 1929
Author: Edward Arthur Milne
Publisher: N.A
Category: Mathematical physics
Page: 28
View: 7235

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Walter Kohn

Personal Stories and Anecdotes Told by Friends and Collaborators
Author: Walter Kohn,Matthias Scheffler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540008057
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 309
View: 691

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This is not a science book, nor even a book about science, although most of the contributors are scientists. It is a book of personal stories about Walter Kohn, a theoretical physicist and winner of half of the 1998 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Walter Kohn originated and/or refined a number of very important theoretical approaches and concepts in solid-state physics. He is known in particular for Density-Functional Theory. This book represents a kind of "oral history" about him, gathered - in anticipation of his 80th birthday - from former students, collaborators, fellow-scientists, and friends.

Heart of Darkness

Unraveling the Mysteries of the Invisible Universe
Author: J. P. Ostriker,Simon Mitton
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691134308
Category: Science
Page: 299
View: 952

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Describes humankind's quest to unravel the deepest secrets of the universe.

The Geometry of Jet Bundles

Author: D. J. Saunders
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521369480
Category: Mathematics
Page: 293
View: 6129

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The purpose of this book is to provide an introduction to the theory of jet bundles for mathematicians and physicists who wish to study differentias equations, particularly those associated with the calculus of variations, in a modern geometric way. One of the themes of the book is that first-order jets may be considered as the natural generalisation of vector fields for studying variational problems in field theory, and so many of the constructions are introduced in the context of first- or second-order jets, before being described in their full generality. The book includes a proof of the local exactness of the variational bicomplex. A knowledge of differential geometry is assumed by the author, although introductory chapters include the necessary background of fibred manifolds, and on vector and affine bundles. Coordinate-free techniques are used throughout, although coordinate representations are often used in proofs and when considering applications.

125 Years at Mississippi State University

A Pictorial History of the People's University
Author: Brenda Trigg
Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
ISBN: 9780974320106
Category: History
Page: 141
View: 2115

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In vintage photographs, a panorama of Mississippi State University's history on its 125th anniversary

Resistance of Materials

For Beginners in Engineering
Author: Stephen Elmer Slocum
Publisher: N.A
Category: Strength of materials
Page: 210
View: 4229

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Die Ordnung der Zeit

Author: Carlo Rovelli
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644000751
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 1008

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Leben wir in der Zeit oder lebt die Zeit vielleicht nur in uns? Alle theoretischen Physiker von Weltrang, die den großen und kleinen Kräften des Universums nachspüren, beschäftigen sich immer wieder mit der entscheidenden Frage, was Zeit ist. Wenn ihre großen Modelle die Zeit zur Erklärung des Elementaren nicht mehr brauchen, wie kommt es dann, dass sie für unser Leben so wichtig ist? Geht es wirklich ohne sie? Carlo Rovelli gibt in diesem Buch überraschende Antworten. Er nimmt uns mit auf eine Reise durch unsere Vorstellungen der von der Zeit und spürt ihren Regeln und Rätseln nach. Ein großes, packend geschriebenes Lese-Abenteuer, ein würdiger Nachfolger des Welt-Bestsellers "Sieben kurze Lektionen über Physik".

Differentialgeometrie, Topologie und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662453002
Category: Science
Page: 597
View: 7780

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Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.