A Companion to Crime, Harm and Victimisation

Author: Corteen, Karen,Morley, Sharon,Paul Taylor,Joanne Turner
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447325729
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 3714

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This is the first accessible, succinct text to provide definitions and explanations of key terms and concepts relating to the expanding field of crime, harm and victimisation. Written by a wide range of experts, it includes theories, ideas and case studies relating to victims of conventional crime and victims outside the remit of criminal law. It encapsulates the domestic and international nature, extent and measurement of victims of crime and harm, together with responses to victims and victimisation as a result of conventional, corporate and state crimes and harms. As part of the Companion series, entries are presented in a user-friendly A-Z format with clear links to related entries and further reading, allowing easy navigation for both students and practitioners. Filling a gap in the market, this is a good source and quick reference point for undergraduates studying a variety of courses in criminology, criminal justice, victimology and other related disciplines.

A companion to the history of crime and criminal justice

Author: Turner, Jo,Taylor, Paul
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447325893
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 6322

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The history of crime and punishment is an important, yet under-resourced area of criminology and criminal justice. This valuable book provides concise but robust definitions of key terms and concepts, going well beyond a simple explanation of the word or theme. Offering a succinct approach to the vocabulary and terminology of historical and contemporary approaches to crime and punishment, it includes entries from expert contributors in a user-friendly A-Z format with clear direction to related entries and further reading. Including explanations of terms ranging from 'garrotting' to The Bow Street Runners, baby farming to juvenile delinquency, this easily accessible text will be ideal for the reader to draw on across the variety of modules and studies relating to the topic.

Victims, Crime and Society

An Introduction
Author: Pamela Davies,Peter Francis,Chris Greer
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473910919
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 9091

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This book provides a thorough account of victimisation across the social spectrum of class, race, age and gender. The second edition has been fully revised and expanded, with two parts now spanning the key perspectives and issues in victimology. Covering theoretical, social and political contexts, the book: Includes new chapters on defining and constructing victims, fear and vulnerability, sexuality, white collar crime and the implications of crime policy on victims Examines a global range of historical and theoretical perspectives in victimology and features a new chapter on researching victims of crime Reinforces your learning through critical thinking sections, future research suggestions, chapter summaries and a glossary of key terms Now includes a companion website, complete with links to relevant journal articles in victimology. Victims, Crime and Society is the essential text for your studies in victimology across criminology, criminal justice, community safety, youth justice and related areas.

Täter oder Opfer?

Jugendgewalt - Ursachen und Prävention
Author: Klaus Wahl,Katja Hees
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783497020379
Category: Violence in adolescence
Page: 174
View: 9205

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Ein Rentner wird in der U-Bahn von Jugendlichen fast totgeschlagen, eine Theatergruppe von Rechtsextremen krankenhausreif geprügelt und gedemütigt, ein Mann wegen seiner Hautfarbe von einer Gang durch die Straßen getrieben und schwer traumatisiert. Was geht in Jugendlichen vor, die sich so brutal verhalten? Warum schließen sie sich gewalttätigen Gruppen wie Hooligans oder Skinheads an? Und: Nimmt ihre Gewaltbereitschaft zu? Die Autoren lassen in ihrem Buch gewalttätige Jugendliche selbst zu Wort kommen: Sie sprechen über ihre Familien und ihre Kindheit und zeichnen nach, wie sie so aggressiv wurden. Ihre Berichte verdeutlichen, wie aus Opfern Täter werden können; sie sollen die Gewalttaten aber keineswegs rechtfertigen. Daher ergänzen die beiden Autoren die Täterbiografien durch moderne wissenschaftliche Erklärungsansätze. So bekommen professionelle Helfer - vor allem SozialpädagogInnen, ErzieherInnen und LehrerInnen - aktuelles Wissen darüber, wie Aggression und Gewaltneigung in Menschen entstehen. Klaus Wahl und Katja Hees stellen in einer leicht verständlichen Sprache Forschungsbefunde und Praxiserfahrungen aus dem Deutschen Jugendinstitut vor und zeigen, wie man der Gewalt gezielt gegensteuern und frühzeitig prosoziale Kompetenzen fördern kann. Sie liefern eine Übersicht über Trainings und Programme zur Gewaltprävention, die in Kindergärten, Schulen und in der Jugendhilfe eingesetzt werden können. Prof. Dr. Klaus Wahl, Sozialwissenschaftler, leitet die wissenschaftliche Stabsabteilung des Deutschen Jugendinstituts, forscht über aggressive Kinder und Jugendliche, lehrt an der Universität München und ist derzeit Fellow am Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg, Delmenhorst. Katja Hees, Dipl.-Kulturwirtin, arbeitet als selbstständige Journalistin in München. Sie war Stipendiatin der Evangelischen Journalistenschule, Berlin.

Work and Society

Places, Spaces and Identities
Author: Paul Taylor,Paul Wagg
Publisher: University of Chester
ISBN: 1908258152
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 9951

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The original theoretical and empirical studies in this new edited volume, Work and Society: Places, Spaces and Identities, present a reimagining of what work is, how it is undertaken, and the impact of work on people who engage in it. While traditional examinations of work are synonymous with discussions of labour markets, organisational functions and industrial relations, the eight contributions published here for the first time extend our conceptualisation of work to take in less commonly scrutinised activities such as care-giving, soldiering, gambling and career criminality. This intriguing approach opens up space for an exciting reconsideration of the relationships between work and society, focusing on illegitimate and unvalued occupations, the places where personal and professional identities intersect in risky or rewarding ways, and the ideological imperative on all of us no matter what our employment status to perform as resilient, productive neoliberal subjects with the capacity for work. This innovative, interdisciplinary volume brings together established and new voices in the fields of sociology, criminology, victimology and political economy to present an accessible intervention in current debates about work in the twenty-first century.

The Critical Criminology Companion

Author: Thalia Anthony
Publisher: Hawkins Press
ISBN: 9781876067236
Category: Crime
Page: 336
View: 3956

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This companion presents the major debates and issues in critical criminology. It presents new research on crime, policy and the internationalisation of the criminal justice system. It sheds light on traditional debates in critical criminology through a confronting analysis of contemporary developments in criminal justice and criminology. This is the first textbook that brings together the major Australian and New Zealand theorists in critical criminology. The chapters represent the contribution of these authors in both their established work and their recent scholarship. It includes new approaches to theory, methodology, case studies and contemporary issues. It traverses a range of debates including the criminalisation of Indigenous people, ethnic communities, the working class, rural communities and young people from critical perspectives, as well as introduces new concepts of state crime. There is coverage of the developments in the penal system that have responded to globalisation and neo-liberalism, particularly in law and order and anti-terror campaigns. This coverage is counterpoised by portrayals of resistance within the penal system and considerations of restorative justice. The companion is relevant to a broad range of courses and levels of study. It covers the major components of a criminology course through a critical lens. It is a wonderful introduction to the concepts and critiques in criminology, as well as a provocative analysis of the assumptions underpinning the criminal justice system. Students, teachers and scholars in criminology, law and sociology will find this reader an invaluable companion.

Communities, Identities and Crime

Author: Basia Spalek
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1861348045
Category: Political Science
Page: 241
View: 9636

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This book provides a critical exploration of the importance of social identities when considering crime, victimisation and criminal justice and offers a refreshing perspective on the most significant developments in relation to equality and diversity issues that feature in policies and practices of criminal justice agencies.


Author: Margaret Atwood
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783548606644
Page: 295
View: 2303

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Companion Reader on Violence Against Women

Author: Claire M. Renzetti,Jeffrey L. Edleson,Raquel Kennedy Bergen
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452236186
Category: Psychology
Page: 424
View: 1463

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Designed to advance knowledge about violence against women and to serve as an inspiration to those studying or working in the field, this companion reader's 20 original articles focus first on theoretical and methodological issues, then on types of violence against women, and finally on prevention and direct intervention. Readers will find a wide range of articles that draw attention to the global dimensions of violence against women and the importance of taking into account political, economic, and cultural differences across diverse groups of people. While the book's articles are designed as companion pieces to the chapters in the Second Edition of the Sourcebook, this reader may also be used as a stand-alone text by those researching specific topics, such as diversity issues, conducting trainings, or teaching advanced courses, such as international social work.

Das Panoptikum

Author: Jeremy Bentham
Publisher: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag
ISBN: 388221113X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 221
View: 8944

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Überwachen und Strafen Im Panoptikum, Jeremy Benthams idealem Gefängnis- und Erziehungsbau, werden die Delinquenten permanenter Überwachung durch einen Aufseher unterzogen, der im Mittelpunkt eines kreisförmigen Gebäudes sitzt. Aber zu welchem Zweck? Michel Foucault interpretierte in seinem Werk Überwachen und Strafen (1975) Benthams Bau als Prototyp für die latente Perversion bürgerlicher Aufklärung, die Schizophrenie eines Liberalismus, der stets das Gute will und stets das Böse schafft. Aber stimmt das wirklich? Die erste deutsche Übersetzung von Panoptikum offenbart die Aktualität von Benthams Gedankenwelt. Als Begründer des Utilitarismus und Anhänger des Wirtschaftsliberalismus war er davon überzeugt, dass der Kapitalismus der wahre Schlüssel zum Glück des Menschen ist - und nichts anderes als den Weg zum Glück wollte er mit dem Panoptikum jedem Menschen ebnen. Ebook-Version ohne Interview mit Michel Foucault.

The School Practitioner's Concise Companion to Preventing Violence and Conflict

Author: Cynthia Franklin,Mary Beth Harris,Paula Allen-Meares
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195370708
Category: Psychology
Page: 178
View: 858

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This title gives busy social workers, psychologists, and counsellors a quick guide to accessible, proven solutions for their students' most common problems.Here, readers will find an overview of violence and interpersonal conflict in schools.

Crime, Deviance and Doping

Fallen Sports Stars, Autobiography and the Management of Stigma
Author: M. Yar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137403756
Category: Social Science
Page: 106
View: 8095

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Yar examines the autobiographies of fallen sports stars, exploring their fall from grace and the stigma it entails. Drawing upon sociological and criminological perspectives, it illuminates how fallen stars use confessional acts of story-telling to seek forgiveness, vindication and redemption.

The School Services Sourcebook

A Guide for School-Based Professionals
Author: Cynthia Franklin,Mary Beth Harris,Paula Allen-Meares
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198039044
Category: Social Science
Page: 1248
View: 1534

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This comprehensive sourcebook covers every aspect of school service delivery, arming practitioners with the nuts and bolts of evidence-based practice. Each of the 114 chapters serves as a detailed intervention map, beginning with a summary of the problem area and moving directly into step-by-step instructions on how to implement an evidence-based program with distinct goals in mind and methods to measure the outcome. School-based professionals in need of ready access to information on mental health disorders, developmental disabilities, health promotion, child abuse, dropout prevention, conflict resolution, crisis intervention, group work, family interventions, culturally competent practice, policy, ethics, legal issues, community involvement, accountability, and funding can now find high-quality and easy-to-implement strategies at their fintertips. A concise, user-friendly format orients readers to each issue with a Getting Started section, then moves smoothly into What We Know, What We Can Do, Tools and Practice Examples, and Points to Remember. Quick-reference tables and charts highlight the most important information needed for daily reference, and lists of further reading and Web resources guide readers in gathering additional information to tailor their practice to suit their students' needs. Each chapter has been specifically crafted by leaders in their fields with the ultimate goal of giving school-based practitioners the tools they need to deliver the best mental health and social services possible to students, families, and communities. This is a must-have reference for all school-based social workers, psychologists, counselors, mental health professionals, and educators.

The Oxford Illustrated Companion to Medicine

Author: Stephen Lock,John M. Last,George Dunea
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Medical
Page: 891
View: 1409

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Boasting over five hundred illustrations, The Oxford Illustrated Companion to Medicine offers a stimulating, kaleidoscopic account of the current state and past history of the medical, nursing, and allied health sciences. From alchemy to AIDS, and from snakebite to ultrasound, this wide-ranging reference travels both the main avenues and fascinating byways of medicine. Deftly written articles, penned by some 200 respected scholars, examine everything of importance--related sciences (such as biochemistry and cell biology), important institutions (medical colleges, societies, major hospitals, and libraries), modern medical techniques (such as magnetic resonance imaging), even the darker side of medicine, including fraud and misconduct in medical research, and medical cults and quackery. There are major entries on each of the branches of medicine, such as cardiology, pediatrics, and general surgery, describing what they encompass, their historical background, variations in international practice, and recent advances. And there are shorter entries that illuminate a comprehensive selection of medical terms. The volume also features a micropedia containing brief, insightful accounts of the lives and achievements of many fascinating and famous historical and contemporary medical personalities. And the Companion includes numerous articles that examine the often-close links between medicine and art, music, poetry, and dance. This book is the perfect companion for everyone working in medicine or related fields, and everyone interested in the medical arts.


Eine neue Geschichte der Menschheit
Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 310401616X
Category: History
Page: 1216
View: 9680

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Die Geschichte der Menschheit – eine ewige Abfolge von Krieg, Genozid, Mord, Folter und Vergewaltigung. Und es wird immer schlimmer. Aber ist das richtig? In einem wahren Opus Magnum, einer groß angelegten Gesamtgeschichte unserer Zivilisation, untersucht der weltbekannte Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker die Entwicklung der Gewalt von der Urzeit bis heute und in allen ihren individuellen und kollektiven Formen, vom Verprügeln der Ehefrau bis zum geplanten Völkermord. Unter Rückgriff auf eine Fülle von wissenschaftlichen Belegen aus den unterschiedlichsten Disziplinen beweist er zunächst, dass die Gewalt im Laufe der Geschichte stetig abgenommen hat und wir heute in der friedlichsten Epoche der Menschheit leben. Diese verblüffende Tatsache verlangt nach einer Erklärung: Pinker schält in seiner Analyse sechs Entwicklungen heraus, die diesen Trend begünstigt haben, untersucht die Psychologie der Gewalt auf fünf innere Dämonen, die Gewaltausübung begünstigen, benennt vier Eigenschaften des Menschen, die den inneren Dämonen entgegenarbeiten und isoliert schließlich fünf historische Kräfte, die uns heute in der friedlichsten Zeit seit jeher leben lassen. Pinkers Darstellung revolutioniert den Blick auf die Welt und uns Menschen. Und sie macht Hoffnung und Mut. »Pinkers Studie ist eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum verbreiteten Kulturpessimismus und dem Gefühl des moralischen Untergangs der Moderne.« Der Spiegel »Steven Pinker ist ein Top-Autor und verdient all die Superlative, mit denen man ihn überhäuft« New York Times» Die Argumente von Steven Pinker haben Gewicht [...]. Die Chance, heute Opfer von Gewalt zu werden, ist viel geringer als zu jeder anderen Zeit. Das ist eine spannende Nachricht, die konträr zur öffentlichen Wahrnehmung ist." Deutschlandfunk »Steven Pinker ist ein intellektueller Rockstar« The Guardian »Der Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker gilt als wichtigster Intellektueller« Süddeutsche Zeitung »Verflucht überzeugend« Hamburger Abendblatt

Lessons from International/comparative Criminology/criminal Justice

Author: John Winterdyk,Liqun Cao
Publisher: De Sitter Publications
ISBN: 9780973397864
Category: Law
Page: 224
View: 1645

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This book is an anthology of 14 esteemed scholars who have made significant contributions to criminology, criminal justice, and international law within a comparative and international context. In this lively collection of â??storiesâ?, the authors share of themselves in ways we seldom learn about in textbooks. By inviting us into their lives, we find out about the pitfalls, opportunities, and gut-wrenching decisions they faced during their careers. Pat Mayhew frankly warns students that â??international comparative work is not for the faint heartedâ?, Peter Grabosky encourages students to â??keep their eyes openâ?, and David Farrington advises us to â??choose our collaborators carefullyâ?. Yet, what resonates throughout their lessons is that truly successful people are those who keep trying. Students in particular will find the stories inspirational and insightful. This text provides us with practical, real life examples of how following oneâ??s passion can genuinely impact crime prevention, criminal justice, and social ills around the world.

Land of Women

Tales of Sex and Gender from Early Ireland
Author: Lisa M. Bitel
Publisher: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 307
View: 8388

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"This book disperses the shadows in an obscure but important landscape. Lisa Bitel addresses both the history of women in early Ireland and the history of myth, legend, and superstition which surrounded them. It is a powerful and exact book and an invaluable addition to our expanding sense of Ireland through the eyes of Irish women."--Eavan Boland, author of In a Time of Violence: Poems"It is refreshing to read in a book by a woman on medieval women that not all clerics hated women and that not all men were oversexed villains consciously bent on exploiting women. [Bitel] challenges not only the medieval Irish male construct of female behavior, but she is also courageous enough to question constructs of medieval women invented by modern Irish medieval historians."--Times Higher Education Supplement

Handbuch Jugendkriminalität

Kriminologie und Sozialpädagogik im Dialog
Author: Bernd Dollinger,Henning Schmidt-Semisch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531921312
Category: Social Science
Page: 586
View: 439

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Die Lebensphase 'Jugend' wird häufig mit Defiziten, Störungen und riskanten Verhaltensweisen assoziiert. Besondere mediale und politische Aufmerksamkeit erhalten Jugendliche dann, wenn sie mit strafrechtsrelevantem Verhalten in Erscheinung treten. In diesen publizistisch-politischen Kontexten stoßen kriminologische und sozialpädagogische Befunde und Erkenntnisse häufig auf wenig Interesse. Dieses Handbuch thematisiert daher zentrale Felder der aktuellen wissenschaftlichen Auseinandersetzung über Phänomen und Bearbeitung jugendlicher Kriminalität. Es kommen dabei ebenso konsensuelle wie strittige Befunde zur Sprache.